Enzyme immunoassay (EIA) and radioimmunoassay (RIA) for the detection of antibody to hepatitis B core antigen (anti‐HBc) were compared using serum specimens from Alaska Natives screened during a hepatitis B control program that were initially positive by EIA for only anti‐HBc. Of 36 specimens from persons previously HBsAg positive but who were now only anti‐HBc positive by EIA, 94.4% were anti‐HBc positive by both assays, with anti‐HBc levels exceeding 93% inhibition. Low‐level antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen (anti‐HBs) (<10 SRU) and antibody to hepatitis Be (anti‐HBe) were also present in 50% and 48% of specimens positive for anti‐HBc, respectively. Of 148 specimens from persons initially positive for only anti‐HBc by EIA who had no previous documentation of any hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, 64.5% were positive by repeat testing for anti‐HBc by both assays, and anti‐HBc levels in this sample exceeded 70% in 91.6% and 80.2% of specimens by EIA and RIA, respectively. Low‐level anti‐HBs and anti‐HBe were present in 45.8% and 15.6%, respectively. EIA detection of anti‐HBc was found to be less specific than RIA. Of specimens positive for anti‐HBc by EIA, 14.8% were negative by RIA. The specificity of the EIA could be improved with respect to RIA by increasing the cut‐off from 48% to 68%. In samples with lowlevel anti‐HBc (≧70% inhibition) as measured by either method, the anti‐HBc results was less likely to persist upon retesting, whereas sample with anti‐HBc levels of >70% inhibition the anti‐HBc was a reproducible finding frequently accompanied by either low‐level anti‐HBs or anti‐HBe.
Journal of Medical Virology – Wiley
Published: Apr 1, 1990
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera