Abstract: Diaper dermatitis resuits from the action of a number of physical and chemical factors on the sicin. While its etiology is compiex, there is agreement that proionged contact between wet diapers and the skin leading to excessive hydration of the stratum comeum and reduced barrier function Is a primary factor. Recent research also indicates that pH elevation resulting from ammonia production increases tlie probability of skin damage due to fecai enzyme activity. New diapers containing absorbent polymers blended with ceilulose fiuff in the absorbent core iiave been developed. The absorbent polymer binds fluids and controls pH in the diaper environment. To assess the effectiveness of these diapers, a ciinical study was conducted with approximately 150 infants over 15 weeks, using fiuff diapers and absorbent polymer diapers. The resuits clearly showed that the diapers with absorbent polymer provide a better skin environment than those with fluff only with respect to lower skin wetness and pH control (instrumentai measurements). In addition, tite cilnlclans’ grades indicated a directional reduction In diaper rash severity.
Pediatric Dermatology – Wiley
Published: Jun 1, 1989
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