It is a real pleasure to be here today as a non‐ecologist speaking to so many ecologists. I would like to show how ecology is absolutely central to everyday living. We need to link the type of detailed work you do with the policy makers in London, Washington DC and various capitals around the world. I would like to put this in the context of sustainable development. The development challenge We need to alleviate poverty: 1·3 billion people live on less than a dollar per day, the cost of half a pint of beer; 3 billion people, i.e. half the world's population, live on less than 2 dollars per day; 800 million people are malnourished today, especially in Africa. Furthermore, 1·3 billion people have no clean water, a major health threat; 2 billion people live without sanitation; 2 billion people have no electricity and obtain their heat and cook their food by burning dung and biomass, leading to incredible levels of indoor air pollution that result in early death and miserable lung disease; 1·4 billion people are exposed to extremely unhealthy air outside, again because of burning biomass. Alleviation of these appalling conditions underlies the challenge of development
Journal of Applied Ecology – Wiley
Published: Feb 1, 1999
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