Structural and biochemical cues of extracellular matrix can substantially influence the differentiation and maturation of cultured retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. In this study, thin collagen vitrigels were engineered to create collagen nanofibrillar structures of different fibril densities in an effort to evaluate the maturation of human embryonic stem cell–derived retinal pigment epithelial (hESC‐RPE) cells. The ultrastructure of the different collagen vitrigels was characterized by transmission electron microscopy, and the mechanical properties were evaluated by tensile testing. The pigmentation and polarization of cells, in addition to key RPE marker gene and protein expression levels, were analyzed to determine the differentiation of hESCs on the gels. The hESC‐RPE differentiation was most significant in collagen vitrigels with low fibril density with mature collagen fibrils with diameter of around 60 nm and Young's modulus of 2.41 ± 0.13 MPa. This study provides insight into the influence of collagen nanofibrillar structures on hESC‐RPE maturation and presents a potential bioengineered substratum for hESC‐RPE for future preclinical and clinical applications.
Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ; ;
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera