Rabbit proactivator is a neutral metalloproteinase that activates another metalloproteinase, procollagenase, and degrades noncollagenous matrix. We describe the construction of an activator complementary DNA (cDNA) clone, which is 1.9 kb, that selects a 2.1‐kb messenger RNA (mRNA) in Northern blot hybridizations. Nucleic acid sequence studies of the activator cDNA indicate 1) that it encodes protein Mr 53,881, 2) that this protein exhibits ˜80% homology with rat transin, an oncogene‐induced protein with a previously unknown function, and 3) that, in the first 172 residues, it is virtually identical to the rabbit metalloproteinase, stromelysin. Homology between rabbit activator and human skin collagenase is approximately 50%. Activator and collagenase mRNA are coordinately regulated; untreated cultures of rabbit synovial fibroblasts produce low levels of each protein, but addition of phorbol myristate acetate (10–8M) results in an increase in mRNA for both proteins by 2.5–5 hours. Adding all‐trans‐retinoic acid (10–6M) or dexamethasone (10–7M) to phorbol‐stimulated cells coordinately suppresses both activator and collagenase mRNA. Our data suggest the existence of coordinately regulated metalloproteinases that are important in the modulation of connective tissue metabolism.
Arthritis & Rheumatology – Wiley
Published: Nov 1, 1987
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