IntroductionCigarette smoking is a leading cause of death and disease around the world and the leading preventable cause of death and disease in the United States, responsible for at least 480 000 deaths annually . Since the mid‐1960s, the prevalence of smoking has declined substantially in the United States and other countries . However, several vulnerable groups continue to report significantly higher prevalences of smoking . People with illicit substance use disorders (SUDs) may be one such group.Illicit drug use has been increasing over the past decade and recent data suggest that 3.9% of US adults meet criteria for a past‐year SUD, while 9.9% of US adults meet criteria for a lifetime SUD . The prevalence of smoking is high among people with a range of SUDs and SUDs are associated with increased difficulty quitting smoking . Further, smoking among people with SUDs is associated with greater risks of mortality (e.g. ). Although the prevalence of cigarette smoking has declined over time in the general adult US population, and there have been research and clinical efforts aimed at promoting smoking cessation among people with SUDs (e.g. ), whether or not the prevalence of smoking has changed among those with SUDs
Addiction – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ; ;
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