Rats treated with reserpine show increased Vmax for the high affinity uptake of choline into small slices of corpus striatum. The choline acetyltransferase activity of whole homogenates of striatum is also increased. These changes are consistent with increased cholinergic neuronal activity in the striatum and seem likely to be adaptations mediating increased rates of synthesis of acetylcholine. The maximal increases found occurred concurrently, consistent with coupling of the high affinity uptake of choline and its acetylation in cholinergic nerve terminals of the rat. That increased high affinity uptake is accompanied by increased choline acetyltransferase activity, suggests the input of choline is not the sole determinant of rates of synthesis of acetylcholine, in spite of the large Vmas for striatal choline acetyltransferase, compared with that for high affinity uptake. These results seem best explained by kinetic coupling, in the rat, of the high affinity uptake of choline with a limited pool of choline acetyltransferase preferentially localised at the nerve terminal plasma membrane.
Journal of Neurochemistry – Wiley
Published: Oct 1, 1978
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