INTRODUCTIONEvidence of the critical role that chemosignals play in primate social behavior has been steadily increasing since the 1970s. In the past decade, research on non‐human primate olfactory communication has flourished, dispelling the notion of the “microsmatic” primate (Heymann, ; Laska & Salazar, ). Despite having smaller olfactory bulbs relative to brain size (Stephan, Baron, & Frahm, ) and a larger proportion of non‐functioning olfactory receptor genes (Gilad, Bustamante, Lancet, & Pääbo, ; Gilad, Man, Pääbo, & Lancet, ; Rouquier, Blancher, & Giorgi, ; Young et al., ) compared to other mammals, these morphological differences in primates do not directly translate to differences in olfactory ability (Laska & Hudson, ; Smith & Bhatnagar, ). In fact, chemical evidence from non‐human primate taxa suggest there are individual signatures of body odors secreted from scent glands, and that these odors encode information related to sex, age, rank, reproductive status, and genetic makeup (Drea, ). There is also substantial evidence that conspecifics can detect differences in these odors, and such odors may elicit behavioral or physiological changes in the odor recipient (Drea, ). More importantly, odor has been linked to variables (i.e., rank) important for mate choice in mandrills (Setchell, ), and
American Journal of Primatology – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ;
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