Characterization of spontaneous excitatory synaptic currents in salamander retinal ganglion cells.

Characterization of spontaneous excitatory synaptic currents in salamander retinal ganglion cells. 1. Spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents (sEPSCs) were recorded under voltage‐clamp conditions. Consistent with activation of non‐NMDA‐type glutamate receptors, the sEPSCs reversed at potentials above 0 mV, were blocked by 1 microM CNQX and prolonged by 2 mM aniracetam. 2. The peak conductance of the averaged sEPSCs (n = 70‐400) was 130 +/‐ 60 pS (mean +/‐ S.D.; 17 cells, ranging from 70 to 290 pS). Amplitude distributions were skewed towards larger amplitudes. 3. The decay of individual and mean sEPSCs was exponential with a mean time constant (tau d) of 3.75 +/‐ 0.84 ms (n = 13), which was voltage independent. The 10‐90% rise time of the sEPSCs was 1.30 +/‐ 0.44 ms (n = 13). There was no correlation between sEPSC rise time and tau d suggesting that dendritic filtering alone did not shape the time course of sEPSCs. 4. Light‐evoked EPSCs in these retinal ganglion cells are mediated by concomitant activation of NMDA and non‐NMDA receptors; however, no NMDA component was discerned in the sEPSCs, even when recording at ‐96 mV in Mg(2+)‐free solutions. The decay time course was not altered by 20 microM AP7, an NMDA antagonist, nor was an NMDA component unmasked by adding glycine or D‐serine. These results suggest that NMDA and non‐NMDA receptors are not coactivated by a single vesicle of transmitter during spontaneous release, and thus are probably not colocalized in the postsynaptic membrane at the sites of spontaneous release. 5. The sEPSCs were an order of magnitude faster than the non‐NMDA receptor‐mediated EPSCs evoked by light stimuli, and it is proposed that the EPSC time course is determined largely by the extended time course of release of synaptic vesicles from bipolar cells. The quantal content of a light‐evoked non‐NMDA receptor‐mediated EPSC in an on‐off cell is about 200 quanta. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Physiology Wiley

Characterization of spontaneous excitatory synaptic currents in salamander retinal ganglion cells.

The Journal of Physiology, Volume 486 (1) – Jul 1, 1995

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
© 2014 The Physiological Society
ISSN
0022-3751
eISSN
1469-7793
D.O.I.
10.1113/jphysiol.1995.sp020803
Publisher site
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Abstract

1. Spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents (sEPSCs) were recorded under voltage‐clamp conditions. Consistent with activation of non‐NMDA‐type glutamate receptors, the sEPSCs reversed at potentials above 0 mV, were blocked by 1 microM CNQX and prolonged by 2 mM aniracetam. 2. The peak conductance of the averaged sEPSCs (n = 70‐400) was 130 +/‐ 60 pS (mean +/‐ S.D.; 17 cells, ranging from 70 to 290 pS). Amplitude distributions were skewed towards larger amplitudes. 3. The decay of individual and mean sEPSCs was exponential with a mean time constant (tau d) of 3.75 +/‐ 0.84 ms (n = 13), which was voltage independent. The 10‐90% rise time of the sEPSCs was 1.30 +/‐ 0.44 ms (n = 13). There was no correlation between sEPSC rise time and tau d suggesting that dendritic filtering alone did not shape the time course of sEPSCs. 4. Light‐evoked EPSCs in these retinal ganglion cells are mediated by concomitant activation of NMDA and non‐NMDA receptors; however, no NMDA component was discerned in the sEPSCs, even when recording at ‐96 mV in Mg(2+)‐free solutions. The decay time course was not altered by 20 microM AP7, an NMDA antagonist, nor was an NMDA component unmasked by adding glycine or D‐serine. These results suggest that NMDA and non‐NMDA receptors are not coactivated by a single vesicle of transmitter during spontaneous release, and thus are probably not colocalized in the postsynaptic membrane at the sites of spontaneous release. 5. The sEPSCs were an order of magnitude faster than the non‐NMDA receptor‐mediated EPSCs evoked by light stimuli, and it is proposed that the EPSC time course is determined largely by the extended time course of release of synaptic vesicles from bipolar cells. The quantal content of a light‐evoked non‐NMDA receptor‐mediated EPSC in an on‐off cell is about 200 quanta.

Journal

The Journal of PhysiologyWiley

Published: Jul 1, 1995

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