Abstract: Uptake of 10 μMl‐tryptophan into isolated rat brain synaptosomes was studied to assess its effect on the rate of serotonin synthesis from tryptophan. The initial rate of uptake was rapid, being two orders of magnitude above the rate of tryptophan hydroxylation. Uptake was highly concentrative, the concentration ratio across the plasma membrane at equilibrium being approximately 9. This concentration ratio was decreased to about 1 in the presence of high concentrations of amino acids transported by the L‐type neutral amino acid uptake system. A mixture of the large neutral amino acids at physiological concentrations decreased the internal tryptophan concentration to 58% of that in their absence. Large tryptophan concentration ratios were observed in experiments in which Na+ in the medium was replaced with choline+. The concentrative uptake of tryptophan was energy‐dependent, being decreased by inclusion of cyanide and omission of glucose. The concentration gradient was abolished by veratridine or rotenone. Time courses of the changes in ATP content and tryptophan concentration ratio on addition of these and other agents established that tryptophan uptake is probably not driven by ATP hydrolysis or efflux of other amino acids, but by the plasma membrane potential.
Journal of Neurochemistry – Wiley
Published: Mar 1, 1984
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