1. Introduction The concept of worker participation has generated a considerable degree of interest among social scientists, politicians, industrial managers and trade unionists in a large number of countries the world over. The process of involvingworkers in the management of industrial undertakings has been on trial for several decades. Worker alienation, which has been recognized and discussed from the time of Karl Marx and which is a matter of prime concern today, seems to have been instrumental in the introduction of worker participation in some parts of the world. As industrialization has progressed, this concern has become much more intense, which in turn has prompted the emergence of various other forms of participative management. The British socialist G. D. H. Cole, for example, promulgated the idea of extending political democracy to industry, and in this regard he wrote that political democracy must be achieved through democracy in the workshop (Cole 1917). There were other similar earlier efforts towards participation (Webb and Webb 1897). These earlier initiatives in putting the idea of worker involvement into practice employed diverse approaches to worker participation incorporating socio-political,socio-psychologicaland socio-economicviewpoints. Various models of worker participation under these broad categories of approach have been tried
British Journal of Industrial Relations – Wiley
Published: Sep 1, 1995
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