Changes of aqueous vascular endothelial growth factor and interleukin‐6 after intravitreal triamcinolone for branch retinal vein occlusion

Changes of aqueous vascular endothelial growth factor and interleukin‐6 after intravitreal... Abstract Background: To investigate sequential changes of aqueous vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and interleukin (IL)‐6 in macular oedema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion after single intravitreal injection of triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA). Methods: We recruited 10 healthy controls and 30 patients at Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, Korea. Aqueous and plasma levels of VEGF and IL‐6 were measured by enzyme‐linked immunosorbent assay at the time of IVTA and 3 months later. Non‐response to IVTA was defined as showing persistent macular oedema based on a reduction of central macular thickness by less than 20% from baseline measurements by optical coherence tomography and vision improvement by less than 0.3 logMAR. Fluorescein angiography was performed 6 months after IVTA. We compared aqueous levels of VEGF and IL‐6 between responders and non‐responders. Results: The aqueous levels of VEGF and IL‐6 were significantly higher in 12 non‐responders than in 18 responders at baseline measurements (511 ± 245 pg/mL vs. 230 ± 108 pg/mL, P < 0.001; 38 ± 31 pg/mL vs. 16 ± 13 pg/mL, P < 0.001, respectively). Aqueous levels of VEGF were still higher in non‐responders (312 ± 64 pg/mL) 3 months after IVTA, and aqueous levels of VEGF in responders returned to normal (86 ± 21 pg/mL, P < 0.001). Aqueous levels of IL‐6 normalized in all patients 3 months after IVTA. Fluorescein angiography revealed that non‐responders showed higher frequencies of macular ischaemia and ischaemic branch retinal vein occlusion. Conclusions: IL‐6‐independent VEGF secretion may contribute to persistent macular oedema associated with ischaemic BRVO after IVTA. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology Wiley

Changes of aqueous vascular endothelial growth factor and interleukin‐6 after intravitreal triamcinolone for branch retinal vein occlusion

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
© 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists
ISSN
1442-6404
eISSN
1442-9071
DOI
10.1111/j.1442-9071.2009.01909.x
pmid
19278477
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Background: To investigate sequential changes of aqueous vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and interleukin (IL)‐6 in macular oedema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion after single intravitreal injection of triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA). Methods: We recruited 10 healthy controls and 30 patients at Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, Korea. Aqueous and plasma levels of VEGF and IL‐6 were measured by enzyme‐linked immunosorbent assay at the time of IVTA and 3 months later. Non‐response to IVTA was defined as showing persistent macular oedema based on a reduction of central macular thickness by less than 20% from baseline measurements by optical coherence tomography and vision improvement by less than 0.3 logMAR. Fluorescein angiography was performed 6 months after IVTA. We compared aqueous levels of VEGF and IL‐6 between responders and non‐responders. Results: The aqueous levels of VEGF and IL‐6 were significantly higher in 12 non‐responders than in 18 responders at baseline measurements (511 ± 245 pg/mL vs. 230 ± 108 pg/mL, P < 0.001; 38 ± 31 pg/mL vs. 16 ± 13 pg/mL, P < 0.001, respectively). Aqueous levels of VEGF were still higher in non‐responders (312 ± 64 pg/mL) 3 months after IVTA, and aqueous levels of VEGF in responders returned to normal (86 ± 21 pg/mL, P < 0.001). Aqueous levels of IL‐6 normalized in all patients 3 months after IVTA. Fluorescein angiography revealed that non‐responders showed higher frequencies of macular ischaemia and ischaemic branch retinal vein occlusion. Conclusions: IL‐6‐independent VEGF secretion may contribute to persistent macular oedema associated with ischaemic BRVO after IVTA.

Journal

Clinical & Experimental OphthalmologyWiley

Published: Dec 1, 2008

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