The present study aimed to investigate changes in nitric oxide (NO) level and its relationship with callose deposition during the interaction between soybean and Soybean mosaic virus (SMV). Soybean cv. ‘Jidou 7’ and SMV strains N3 and SC‐8 were used to constitute incompatible and compatible combinations. Intracellular NO was labelled with the NO‐specific fluorescence probe DAF‐FM DA. Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) was then used to observe changes in NO production during SMV infection‐induced defence responses in soybean. The results showed NO fluorescence increased rapidly at 2–72 h post‐inoculation, peaked at 72 h and then decreased in the incompatible combination. However, in the compatible combination, extremely weak NO fluorescence appeared in the early stage (2–24 h) post‐inoculation, but was not observed thereafter. Injections of the NO scavenger c‐PTIO prior to inoculation postponed the onset of NO production to 48 or 72 h post‐inoculation. The same occurred when injections of NR or NOS inhibitors were applied prior to inoculation. The observation of callose fluorescence in the incompatible combination revealed that either the elimination or reduction of NO in the early stage led to a delay in callose formation, enabling the virus to cause systemic infection. Together with our previous findings, this study indicates that viral infection could induce NO production and callose deposition during the incompatible interaction between soybean and SMV. The production of NO involves NR and NOS enzymatic pathways, and NO mediates the process of callose deposition at plasmodesmata.
Plant Biology – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ;
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera