Cerebral phaeohyphomycosis due to Rhinocladiella mackenziei in Persian Gulf region: A case and review

Cerebral phaeohyphomycosis due to Rhinocladiella mackenziei in Persian Gulf region: A case and... Cerebral phaeohyphomycosis is frequently a fatal disease caused by truly neurotropic dematiaceous fungi. Although rare, this infection occurs especially among immunocompetent patients, and the clinical symptoms are often misdiagnosed as a cerebral tumour or bacterial brain abscess. The appropriate diagnosis and therapy of cerebral infections by melanized fungi are very challenging if they are caused by mysterious fungi with unknown ecological niche. We reported the second case of cerebral phaeohyphomycosis due to Rhinocladiella mackenziei in Iran and the first culture‐confirmed case. In this report, the differential diagnosis and histopathological findings are discussed and a review of the literature is provided. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mycoses Wiley

Cerebral phaeohyphomycosis due to Rhinocladiella mackenziei in Persian Gulf region: A case and review

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
© 2018 Blackwell Verlag GmbH
ISSN
0933-7407
eISSN
1439-0507
D.O.I.
10.1111/myc.12734
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Cerebral phaeohyphomycosis is frequently a fatal disease caused by truly neurotropic dematiaceous fungi. Although rare, this infection occurs especially among immunocompetent patients, and the clinical symptoms are often misdiagnosed as a cerebral tumour or bacterial brain abscess. The appropriate diagnosis and therapy of cerebral infections by melanized fungi are very challenging if they are caused by mysterious fungi with unknown ecological niche. We reported the second case of cerebral phaeohyphomycosis due to Rhinocladiella mackenziei in Iran and the first culture‐confirmed case. In this report, the differential diagnosis and histopathological findings are discussed and a review of the literature is provided.

Journal

MycosesWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ;

References

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