military is “feeling discouraged.”
Poachers Kill Six: Poachers killed six
troops and two civilian guides in a
wildlife park in northern Cameroon on
February 8th, Defence Minister Joseph
Beti Assomo said on the 12th.
Since 2012, Cameroon has deployed 100
troops in Bouba Ndjida national park to
help deal with the threat from poachers
and protect the elephant population.
The eight people killed in the recent
violence were carrying out a routine
patrol, source said.
(© AFP 12/2 2018)
Unrest in anglophone regions p.21736B
Thousands continue to be displaced by
pockets of tension nationwide.
About 200,000 people have been dis-
placed in ethnic clashes since mid-
December in the northeastern Ituri
province, a humanitarian source told
AFP on February 13th.
Hema herders and Lendu farmers have
been locked in violence in Ituri for
decades, with tens of thousands killed
from 1999 to 2003. More than 30 people
have been killed and hundreds of homes
torched in the latest round of clashes
that erupted on February 2nd.
The UN refugee agency, UNCHR,
meanwhile said around 34,000 refugees
have ﬂed to Uganda in 2018 to escape
violence. At least four refugees drowned
while crossing the waters of Lake Albert
between the two nations, it said.
UNHCR spokesman, expressing serious
concern, said the refugees were ﬂocking
to the Ugandan village of Sebagoro.
Ituri is part of DR Congo’s deeply
troubled eastern region that includes
the restive North and South Kivu
provinces, where militias hold sway over
There are about 4m displaced people in
the sprawling central African country
which has been racked by rebellion, civil
war and despotic rule since indepen-
dence in 1960. The latest violence comes
amid uncertainty over the future of
President Joseph Kabila, who has ruled
since 2001. (See p. 21753)
“We are approaching the elections and
there are hotbeds of tension all over the
country – Kasai, in the Kivus and now
there is renewed violence in Ituri. We
must remain on our guard,” said oppo-
sition MP Juvenal Munubo.
(© AFP 5,
UNHCR ofﬁces on both sides of the
border with Uganda are on high alert.
“We fear the ﬁghting could spread to the
neighbouring areas, particularly because
of the circulation of light weapons in the
region,” UNCHR spokesman Balloch
Balloch said a majority of the refugees
and internally displaced are women and
children. He added that access to some
of the communities is limited and aid
workers are unable to provide assistance
to the displaced who are in urgent need
of food and other essential relief.
Also in the east, in South Kivu province,
the DR Congo army (FARDC) claimed
on February 9th to have “annihilated” a
rebel group, killing at least 48 insur-
gents, capturing 150 others and winning
back key territory.
The offensive against forces loyal to
William Amuri Yakutumba saw thou-
sands of Congolese crossing Lake Tan-
ganyika into Burundi as clashes raged
between government forces and Yaku-
Thirty-four Yakutumba loyalists were
handed over to DR Congo by ofﬁcials in
Burundi, the Congolese military said on
February 2nd. The group had crossed
into Burundi while the Congolese army
was conducting operations in a nearby
region and surrendered to Burundian
security forces at Rumonge, said security
The DR Congo government has
announced it is waging “war” against
two militias in the east – the Yakutumba
and the Ugandan Islamist rebels of the
Allied Democratic Force (ADF).
Unidentiﬁed assailants stabbed 12
patients in their hospital beds in North
Kivu’s restive city of Goma on February
4th – 5th, with fears it was the work of
ADF rebels. Five people were killed on
the 17th in an ambush also by suspected
ADF rebels in Beni region, North Kivu,
Earlier in February, the UN imposed
sanctions on Congolese general Muhindo
Akili Mundos over the massacre of at
least 400 civilians in Beni by the ADF in
2014 and 2015.
(© AFP 2, 9, 6, 17/2 2018)
More than 11,000 people have deserted
their homes and over 4,300 students
have left school while health centres
have closed down as a result of insecu-
rity prevailing in the south of Shabunda
and Kalehe territories in South Kivu, the
UN-sponsored Radio Okapi reported.
This follows clashes that pitted the
FARDC against armed groups between
February 10th – 18th.
(Radio Okapi 22/2)
Two Congolese aid workers were killed
and a third abducted by an unidentiﬁed
armed group in the troubled North Kivu
province, the UN said on February 19th.
The UN’s Ofﬁce for the Coordination of
Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) con-
demned the attack and called for the
workers’ release. According to OCHA,
security conditions are very worrying in
North Kivu and represent a “major
obstacle” to the work of humanitarians.
Eastern DR Congo is torn apart by
more than 20 years of armed conﬂict,
Central African Republic
Troops Deployed to Flashpoint District:
The government deployed troops along-
side United Nations (UN) peacekeepers
on February 24th to a district in Bangui
after clashes between rival groups left at
least three people dead.
Peacekeepers from the UN’s MINUSCA
force were deployed with government
forces in the fractious PK5 and KM5
districts of Bangui “to take out all those
who don’t want peace,” said security
minister General Henri Wanzet Liguissara.
Once a Muslim rebel bastion, PK5 is now
home to several armed groups that have
taken advantage of the weakness of the
state since the end of a sectarian conﬂict
pitting mainly Muslim rebels against
nominally Christian militias. (© AFP 24/
Attacks on Hospitals: Rebel groups have
reportedly dragged patients from hospital
beds and shot them dead in the worsening
crisis in CAR. Doctors have ﬂed to
neighbouring countries, worsening
already dire access to healthcare services
caused by attacks on hospitals and ambu-
lances ferrying civilians wounded during
Doctors Without Borders (MSF) say 2017
saw levels of violence against the civilian
population that evoked the worst months
of the conﬂict of 2013-14.
Violence forced a ﬁfth of the 4.5m people
in the lawless CAR to ﬂee their homes in
2017, the highest number of displaced
people since the crisis began in 2013.
Rebel Chief Urges End to War: There
appeared to be a glimmer of hope in the
crisis-torn country after one of its most
feared rebel leaders urged his militants to
lay down arms.
Armel Sayo, the president of the Revolu-
tion and Justice (RJ) movement, made the
rare call in early February, urging all rebel
elements to cease hostilities and integrate
the national programme of Disarmament,
Demobilisation and Reintegration
Vladimir Monteiro, MINUSCA
spokesperson, said the declaration was a
positive step in efforts to reclaim peace.
“MINUSCA looks forward to seeing the
elements of the RJ respect the commit-
ments made solemnly by the president of
their movement,” Monteiro said. (CAJ-
© 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
February 1st–28th 2018 Africa Research Bulletin – 21759