Diabetic cardiomyopathy, a major cardiac complication, contributes to heart remodelling and heart failure. Our previous study discovered that CCAAT/enhancer‐binding protein β (C/EBPβ), a transcription factor that belongs to a family of basic leucine zipper transcription factors, interacts with the angiotensin‐converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) promoter sequence in other disease models. Here, we aimed to determine the role of C/EBPβ in diabetes and whether ACE2 expression is regulated by C/EBPβ. A type 1 diabetic mouse model was generated by an intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. Diabetic mice were injected with a lentivirus expressing either C/EBPβ or sh‐C/EBPβ or treated with valsartan after 12 weeks to observe the effects of C/EBPβ. In vitro, cardiac fibroblasts and cardiomyocytes were treated with high glucose (HG) to investigate the anti‐fibrosis, anti‐apoptosis and regulatory mechanisms of C/EBPβ. C/EBPβ expression was down‐regulated in diabetic mice and HG‐induced cardiac neonatal cells. C/EBPβ overexpression significantly attenuated collagen deposition and cardiomyocyte apoptosis by up‐regulating ACE2 expression. The molecular mechanism involved the binding of C/EBPβ to the ACE2 promoter sequence. Although valsartan, a classic angiotensin receptor blocker, relieved diabetic complications, the up‐regulation of ACE2 expression by C/EBPβ overexpression may exert greater beneficial effects on patients with diabetic cardiomyopathy.
Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ;
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