Mulenga Kampamba becomes the new
Fisheries and Livestock Minister, replac-
ing Michael Katambo who will now head
the Ministry of Agriculture.
President Lungu has ﬁred Water Devel-
opment, Sanitation and Environmental
Protection Minister Lloyd Kaziya.
Mr Kaziya has been replaced by General
Education Minister Dennis Wanchinga.
The President made the changes in a
statement on February 14th, marking his
ﬁrst cabinet shake-up since appointing
Cabinet after the 2016 general election.
Lungu has also appointed Patriotic
Front (PF) Parliamentary chief whip
Richard Musukwa as the new Minister
of Mines and Minerals Development
taking over from Christopher Yaluma
who moves to Commerce, Trade and
David Mabumba becomes the new Gen-
eral Education Minister from Energy.
The Minister of Works and Supply
Mathew Nkhuwa moves to Energy in
the same capacity.
Lungu has also swapped Copperbelt
Minister Bowman Lusambo with his
Lusaka Province counterpart Japhen
Mwakalombe, while Nathaniel Mubuk-
wanu of Western Province swaps with
North Western Province Minister
(Times of Zambia 15/2)
The full government list is now as
President: Edgar Lungu +
Vice-President: Inonge Wina (f) +
Agriculture: Michael Katombo
Chiefs and Traditional Affairs: Lawrence
Commerce, Trade and Industry: Christopher
Community Development and Social Wel-
fare: Emerine Kabanshi (f) +
Defence: Davies Chama +
General Education: David Mabumba +
Energy: Mathew Nkhuwa
Finance: Margaret Mwanakatwe (f) +
Fisheries and Livestock: Kampamba
Mulenga (f) +
Foreign Affairs: Joseph Malanji +
Gender: Victoria Kalima (f) +
Health: Chitalu Chilufya +
Higher Education: Nkandu Luo (f) +
Home Affairs: Stephen Kampyongo +
Information and Broadcasting Services:
Dora Siliya (f) +
Justice: Given Lubinda +
Labour and Social Security: Joyce Nonde-
Simukoko (f) +
Lands, Natural Resources and Environmen-
tal Protection: Jean Kapata (f) +
Local Government and Housing: Vincent
Mines and Minerals Development: Richard
National Development Planning: Alexander
National Guidance and Religious Affairs:
Rev Godfridah Sumaili +
Tourism and Arts: Charles Romel Banda +
Transport and Communications: Brian
Water Development, Sanitation and Envi-
ronmental Protection: Dennis Musuku
Works and Supply: Felix Mutati *
Youth, Sport and Child Development:
Moses Mawere +
Attorney-General: Likando Kalaluka
Key to abbreviations of political parties
+ PF Patriotic Front
*MMD Movement for Multiparty Democ-
Voter Registration Ends
The opposition complains that people
are coerced into enrolment.
More than 5m people have signed up to
vote in Burundi’s controversial constitu-
tional referendum in May and elections
in 2020, which could allow President
Pierre Nkurunziza to remain in power
By the end of the registration process on
February 17th, “a total of 5,000,742
people” had signed up, including Burun-
dians living abroad, Pierre-Claver
Ndayicariye, the chairman of the Inde-
pendent National Electoral Commission
(CENI) was quoted as saying on local
media on February 20th.
The ﬁgure was higher than CENI’s
earlier estimate of 4.5m.
This includes those who will be of voting
age in time for the referendum as well as
people who will become adult by the
2020 general elections, Ndayicariye said.
The CENI has not stated how many of
the registered people will need to wait
until 2020 to be of voting age.
Former rebel leader Nkurunziza, 54, has
ruled the densely populated country
since 2005 after a devastating civil war
and critics accuse him of becoming a
dictator who refuses to quit.
The government said the turnout
showed “the eagerness and patriotic
sense” of citizens who were also “initia-
tors” of the constitutional referendum.
Throughout the voter registration, the
political opposition claimed that people
were being forcibly enrolled mainly in
rural areas, while the press reported a
widespread lack of enthusiasm.
Opposition sources, with the indepen-
dent media and witnesses who spoke to
AFP reported pressure by police ofﬁcers
and the ruling party’s Imbonerakure
youth league to compel people to regis-
ter in the markets and schools.
School pupils were turned away from
class until they enrolled, while adminis-
trators also threatened those who had
no registration papers with the with-
drawal of access to health care and ad-
ministrative documents, various sources
Many children under 16 and already
members of the ruling party’s Imboner-
akure youth wing – described as a militia
by the United Nations (UN) – were
illegally given identity cards and listed
on the voting rolls, witnesses said.
Mozambique – Decentralisation
President Filipe Nyusi vowed on February
7th to introduce constitutional changes to
decentralise power as part of peace efforts
between his Frelimo party and the oppo-
sition Renamo group.
Renamo rebels fought a 16-year war
against the ruling Frelimo party until
1992, and unrest again boiled over
between 2013 and 2016.
Nyusi said changes to how provincial
governors are appointed and to provincial
elections were a result of “dialogue on
peace that I have been maintaining with
Afonso Dhlakama, head of Renamo.”
Nyusi held a meeting with Dhlakama in
2017 in the remote Gorongosa mountains
where Dhlakama has been in hiding since
2015, surrounded by armed loyalists.
The president called for both sides to
support national reconciliation, saying
“effective peace will not come solely from
the decentralisation package.”
The proposed constitutional changes will
now go before parliament.
“If this happens it will be a constitutional
revolution,” Domingos do Rosario, poli-
tics professor at Eduardo Mondlane
University in Maputo, told AFP.
“But it remains to be seen whether the
hardliners of Frelimo will approve these
changes. It means that Renamo could
have a major number of provincial gover-
nors and district administrators.”
The 2013-2016 ﬁghting often focused on
the country’s main roads, with Renamo
attacking government convoys and civil-
ian vehicles, and soldiers accused of ruth-
lessly targeting suspected rebels.
The violence, which ended after Dhla-
kama announced a truce, forced thou-
sands of people to escape to government-
run camps, relatives’ homes or across the
border to Malawi and Zimbabwe.
Renamo, which also holds seats in parlia-
ment, has long been seeking greater
decentralisation and better integration of
its supporters into the police and military.
(Radio Mozambique, © AFP 7/2 2018)
© 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
February 1st–28th 2018 Africa Research Bulletin – 21751