Breeding biology and population dynamics of Ringed plovers Charadrius hiaticula in Britain and Greenland: nest‐predation as a possible factor limiting distribution and timing of breeding

Breeding biology and population dynamics of Ringed plovers Charadrius hiaticula in Britain and... The nesting of Ringed plovers was investigated in 1974 at Mestersvig, north‐east Greenland, and in 1974–76 at Lindisfarne, north‐east England. Difficulties in the use of Nest Record Cards for this species (to obtain information from more sites) are discussed. Territory sizes tended to be smaller, and more feeding took place within territories, at Lindisfarne than at Mestersvig. Clutch sizes were similar in different areas. Incubation (mean period about 25 days) was shared fairly equally by the two sexes. Longer incubation shifts at Mestersvig and some areas at Lindisfarne than at other Lindisfarne sites were associated with greater distances between nests and feeding areas. Most egg losses were probably due to predation, and were fewer in the Arctic than in Britain, where nesting success varied greatly in different areas and years, and in relation to timing within a season. Up to five nestings per pair per year were made at Lindisfarne, but only one at Mestersvig. The timing of breeding is discussed, and it is concluded that the date of start of egg‐laying in north‐east Greenland is determined by the timing of snow clearance, while that at Lindisfarne is related to the decreasing probability of egg‐predation later in the season. Because of the high nest losses, the production of young at many temperate sites, including parts of Lindisfarne, was probably inadequate for the population to be self‐supporting. The reasons for the large seasonal, annual and geographical differences are discussed. It is concluded that increasing predation probably determines the southern nesting limits of Ringed plovers, but that this limit may be modified by varying degrees of different types of natural and artificial protection, and extent of habitat suitable for egg camouflage. Increased human usage of nesting beaches probably has an adverse effect on nesting success, but because of the complexity of the number of inter‐related factors affecting the latter, without field experiments it is difficult to predict how this could best be offset by protection measures. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Zoology Wiley

Breeding biology and population dynamics of Ringed plovers Charadrius hiaticula in Britain and Greenland: nest‐predation as a possible factor limiting distribution and timing of breeding

Journal of Zoology, Volume 202 (1) – Jan 1, 1984

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/breeding-biology-and-population-dynamics-of-ringed-plovers-charadrius-Mei0TYiCd8
Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1984 Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
0952-8369
eISSN
1469-7998
DOI
10.1111/j.1469-7998.1984.tb04289.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The nesting of Ringed plovers was investigated in 1974 at Mestersvig, north‐east Greenland, and in 1974–76 at Lindisfarne, north‐east England. Difficulties in the use of Nest Record Cards for this species (to obtain information from more sites) are discussed. Territory sizes tended to be smaller, and more feeding took place within territories, at Lindisfarne than at Mestersvig. Clutch sizes were similar in different areas. Incubation (mean period about 25 days) was shared fairly equally by the two sexes. Longer incubation shifts at Mestersvig and some areas at Lindisfarne than at other Lindisfarne sites were associated with greater distances between nests and feeding areas. Most egg losses were probably due to predation, and were fewer in the Arctic than in Britain, where nesting success varied greatly in different areas and years, and in relation to timing within a season. Up to five nestings per pair per year were made at Lindisfarne, but only one at Mestersvig. The timing of breeding is discussed, and it is concluded that the date of start of egg‐laying in north‐east Greenland is determined by the timing of snow clearance, while that at Lindisfarne is related to the decreasing probability of egg‐predation later in the season. Because of the high nest losses, the production of young at many temperate sites, including parts of Lindisfarne, was probably inadequate for the population to be self‐supporting. The reasons for the large seasonal, annual and geographical differences are discussed. It is concluded that increasing predation probably determines the southern nesting limits of Ringed plovers, but that this limit may be modified by varying degrees of different types of natural and artificial protection, and extent of habitat suitable for egg camouflage. Increased human usage of nesting beaches probably has an adverse effect on nesting success, but because of the complexity of the number of inter‐related factors affecting the latter, without field experiments it is difficult to predict how this could best be offset by protection measures.

Journal

Journal of ZoologyWiley

Published: Jan 1, 1984

References

  • The nature of the predator‐reactions of waders towards humans; with special reference to the role of the aggressive‐, escape‐ and brooding drives
    Simmons, Simmons
  • An experiment on spacing‐out as a defence against predation
    Tinbergen, Tinbergen; Impekoven, Impekoven; Franck, Franck

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off