ABSTRACT Whole soybeans at natural moisture levels were heated by varied exposures to dielectric heating at frequencies of 42 and 2450 MHz. The minimum energy absorbed (MEA) was calculated from temperature‐elevation and moisture‐loss data. Because the heating rates were different at the two frequencies, plots of various biochemical properties against temperature or exposure time revealed an apparent frequency dependence. This dependence on frequency disappeared, however, when the MEA value was substituted as the independent variable. Chemical and biochemical analyses revealed that dielectric heating at natural moisture levels should be as efficient as commonly practiced moist “toasting” in improving the nutritional value of soybeans. Trypsin inhibitor activity was reduced to a low level, indicating that maximum nutritional quality had been reached. Protein solubility and dispersibility, but not urease activity, can be used as indicators of trypsin inhibitor inactivation by dielectric heating. Indications were obtained that MEA values, or perhaps even moisture loss, might be used as an index of trypsin inhibitor inactivation. Lipoxygenase‐inactivated samples of improved flavor were produced by the dielectric heating treatments. Some treated samples with low trypsin inhibitor and lipoxygenase activities still retained relatively high peroxidase activities that may be advantageous for bleaching effects.
Journal of Food Science – Wiley
Published: May 1, 1981
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera