Behavioral inhibition and behavioral activation in young children: Relations with self‐regulation and adaptation to preschool in children attending Head Start

Behavioral inhibition and behavioral activation in young children: Relations with... We examine a parent‐report version of the measure of behavioral inhibition and behavioral activation of Carver and White (1994), the BIS/BAS scales. Participants included 42 children (mean age = 4 years, 9 months) attending Head Start programs. Information was collected on aspects of physiological and cognitive regulation, temperamental emotionality, BIS/BAS sensitivity, and teacher report of social competence and on‐task behavior in the classroom. Physiological regulation was assessed by cardiac vagal tone and was measured during a baseline period and during the administration of a mildly effortful cognitive task. Cognitive regulation was assessed by executive function and was measured using two tasks that require children to inhibit a prepotent response while remembering and executing the rule for correct responding. Parents reported on behavioral inhibition and behavioral activation and aspects of child negative emotionality associated with fear and anger. Results indicated that the BIS scale was positively related to teacher reported social competence but negatively related to on‐task behavior. Associations between the BIS and each of the outcome variables were independent of relations of physiological and cognitive regulation to outcomes and were present when relations between fearful emotionality and the outcomes were not. No relations were observed between any of the BAS scales and the outcome measures. Results recommend the application of neurobiological and psychophysiological approaches to the study of children's adaptation to preschool. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Dev Psychobiol 42: 301–311, 2003. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Developmental Psychobiology Wiley

Behavioral inhibition and behavioral activation in young children: Relations with self‐regulation and adaptation to preschool in children attending Head Start

Developmental Psychobiology, Volume 42 (3) – Jan 1, 2003

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/behavioral-inhibition-and-behavioral-activation-in-young-children-wlItLWbcbv
Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
ISSN
0012-1630
eISSN
1098-2302
D.O.I.
10.1002/dev.10103
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We examine a parent‐report version of the measure of behavioral inhibition and behavioral activation of Carver and White (1994), the BIS/BAS scales. Participants included 42 children (mean age = 4 years, 9 months) attending Head Start programs. Information was collected on aspects of physiological and cognitive regulation, temperamental emotionality, BIS/BAS sensitivity, and teacher report of social competence and on‐task behavior in the classroom. Physiological regulation was assessed by cardiac vagal tone and was measured during a baseline period and during the administration of a mildly effortful cognitive task. Cognitive regulation was assessed by executive function and was measured using two tasks that require children to inhibit a prepotent response while remembering and executing the rule for correct responding. Parents reported on behavioral inhibition and behavioral activation and aspects of child negative emotionality associated with fear and anger. Results indicated that the BIS scale was positively related to teacher reported social competence but negatively related to on‐task behavior. Associations between the BIS and each of the outcome variables were independent of relations of physiological and cognitive regulation to outcomes and were present when relations between fearful emotionality and the outcomes were not. No relations were observed between any of the BAS scales and the outcome measures. Results recommend the application of neurobiological and psychophysiological approaches to the study of children's adaptation to preschool. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Dev Psychobiol 42: 301–311, 2003.

Journal

Developmental PsychobiologyWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2003

References

  • Neurobehavioral aspects of affective disorders
    Depue, Depue; Iacono, Iacono
  • A new scale for personality measurements in children
    Eysenck, Eysenck
  • Studying temperament via construction of the Toddler Behavior Assessment Questionnaire
    Goldsmith, Goldsmith
  • Children's temperament, mothers' discipline, and security of attachment: Multiple pathways to emerging internalization
    Kochanska, Kochanska
  • Executive functions and developmental psychopathology
    Pennington, Pennington; Ozonoff, Ozonoff
  • Investigations of temperament at three to seven years: The Children's Behavior Questionnaire
    Rothbart, Rothbart; Ahadi, Ahadi; Hershey, Hershey; Fisher, Fisher

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off