Avoiding Unintended Outcomes from REDD

Avoiding Unintended Outcomes from REDD Tropical forests occur almost exclusively in developing countries and sustain at least half of the world's species ( Wilson 1992 ). These forests store vast amounts of carbon ( IPCC 2007 ) and provide homes and resources for 60 million people ( WCFSD 1999 ). If they continue to be cleared at current rates of 6–12 million ha/year ( Achard et al. 2002 ; FAO 2006 ), all economically exploitable tropical forests, and the values they sustain, could disappear before 2100 ( TCG 2009 ). Payments for reduced emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD) could reverse the trend of clearing tropical forests ( Laurance 2008 ; Venter et al. 2009 ). REDD provides financial incentives for developing countries to reduce forest loss and carbon emissions below a reference level ( UNFCCC 2007 ), which is the scenario of expected emissions without REDD intervention. A decision will be made in Copenhagen in December 2009 about including REDD in the climate agreement that will replace the Kyoto Protocol. If successful the scheme could generate up to US$13 billion annually for the improved management and conservation of tropical forests ( Ebeling & Yasue 2008 ). Although REDD may represent the best http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Conservation Biology Wiley

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
©2009 Society for Conservation Biology
ISSN
0888-8892
eISSN
1523-1739
DOI
10.1111/j.1523-1739.2009.01391.x
pmid
20121835
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Tropical forests occur almost exclusively in developing countries and sustain at least half of the world's species ( Wilson 1992 ). These forests store vast amounts of carbon ( IPCC 2007 ) and provide homes and resources for 60 million people ( WCFSD 1999 ). If they continue to be cleared at current rates of 6–12 million ha/year ( Achard et al. 2002 ; FAO 2006 ), all economically exploitable tropical forests, and the values they sustain, could disappear before 2100 ( TCG 2009 ). Payments for reduced emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD) could reverse the trend of clearing tropical forests ( Laurance 2008 ; Venter et al. 2009 ). REDD provides financial incentives for developing countries to reduce forest loss and carbon emissions below a reference level ( UNFCCC 2007 ), which is the scenario of expected emissions without REDD intervention. A decision will be made in Copenhagen in December 2009 about including REDD in the climate agreement that will replace the Kyoto Protocol. If successful the scheme could generate up to US$13 billion annually for the improved management and conservation of tropical forests ( Ebeling & Yasue 2008 ). Although REDD may represent the best

Journal

Conservation BiologyWiley

Published: Feb 1, 2010

References

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