Aural haematoma in Guinea pig (Cavia porcellus)

Aural haematoma in Guinea pig (Cavia porcellus) Aural haematoma occurs when blood accumulates under the skin of the pinna. It is usually caused by head shaking or ear scratching, often associated with an ear infection. It is well reported in dogs, cats and rabbits (Fossum , Capello , Csomos et al. ), but it is rare in rodents (Jepson ). In fact, to our knowledge, this clinical case is the first report in a Guinea pig (Fig. A). The treatment of choice, as described in previous species, consists of surgical drainage (Fossum , Capello , Csomos et al. ), and it is applicable to the Guinea pig as well.(A) Aural haematoma in a Guinea pig. (B) Incision made along the length of the aural haematoma on the inner surface of the pinna. (C) Transfixing mattress sutures from the inner surface of the pinna. The incision is left open, allowing the fluid to drain while the ear is healing. (D) The ear 2 weeks after suture removalOur Guinea pig case was a 2‐year‐old male with concurrent otitis externa. Under general anaesthesia, after shaving and scrubbing the area, with the animal in lateral recumbency, an incision along the length of the inner surface of the ear was made to drain the haematoma (Fig. A). Fluid, blood clots and fibrin adhesions were removed, and transfixing mattress sutures were placed parallel to the incision to maintain the inner and outer surfaces of the ear pinnae against each other (Fig. C). In the meantime, a sample of purulent material from the external ear channel was submitted for bacterial and fungal culture and sensitivity testing.The animal was discharged with doses of 2 mg/kg meloxicam once a day for 5 days and 10 mg/kg enrofloxacin twice a day for 3 weeks. The culture and sensitivity test confirmed enrofloxacin as the treatment of choice. After treatment, there was no evidence of otitis externa, and sutures were removed (Fig. D). No recurrences were observed in the next 3 months.Care must be taken to not suture ear blood vessels and leave the incision open so that fluid can drain while the ear is healing. As in other species, treating the underlying ear infection is mandatory.In the Guinea pig, as in the majority of rodents, the ear pinnae is rounded, while in small animals and rabbits, it is elongated; for this reason, more mattress sutures are needed for the correct juxtaposition of the two aspects of the ear pinnae.ReferencesFossum, T. W.(2007) Surgery of the ear. In: Small animal Surgery. 3th edn. Eds T. W. Fossum. Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, MO, USA. pp 289‐316Capello, V.(2009) Small mammals as I see them. Exotic DVM 11, 27Csomos, R., Bosscher, G., Mans, C., et al. (2016) Surgical management of ear diseases in rabbit. Veterinary Clinics of North America Exotic Animal Practice, 19, 193‐195Jepson, L.(2015) Guine Pigs, Chinchillas, and Degus. In: Exotic Animal Medicine: A Quick Reference Guide. Ed L. Jepson. Elsevier, St. Louis, MO, USA. p 93 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Small Animal Practice Wiley

Aural haematoma in Guinea pig (Cavia porcellus)

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Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
© 2018 British Small Animal Veterinary Association
ISSN
0022-4510
eISSN
1748-5827
D.O.I.
10.1111/jsap.12802
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Abstract

Aural haematoma occurs when blood accumulates under the skin of the pinna. It is usually caused by head shaking or ear scratching, often associated with an ear infection. It is well reported in dogs, cats and rabbits (Fossum , Capello , Csomos et al. ), but it is rare in rodents (Jepson ). In fact, to our knowledge, this clinical case is the first report in a Guinea pig (Fig. A). The treatment of choice, as described in previous species, consists of surgical drainage (Fossum , Capello , Csomos et al. ), and it is applicable to the Guinea pig as well.(A) Aural haematoma in a Guinea pig. (B) Incision made along the length of the aural haematoma on the inner surface of the pinna. (C) Transfixing mattress sutures from the inner surface of the pinna. The incision is left open, allowing the fluid to drain while the ear is healing. (D) The ear 2 weeks after suture removalOur Guinea pig case was a 2‐year‐old male with concurrent otitis externa. Under general anaesthesia, after shaving and scrubbing the area, with the animal in lateral recumbency, an incision along the length of the inner surface of the ear was made to drain the haematoma (Fig. A). Fluid, blood clots and fibrin adhesions were removed, and transfixing mattress sutures were placed parallel to the incision to maintain the inner and outer surfaces of the ear pinnae against each other (Fig. C). In the meantime, a sample of purulent material from the external ear channel was submitted for bacterial and fungal culture and sensitivity testing.The animal was discharged with doses of 2 mg/kg meloxicam once a day for 5 days and 10 mg/kg enrofloxacin twice a day for 3 weeks. The culture and sensitivity test confirmed enrofloxacin as the treatment of choice. After treatment, there was no evidence of otitis externa, and sutures were removed (Fig. D). No recurrences were observed in the next 3 months.Care must be taken to not suture ear blood vessels and leave the incision open so that fluid can drain while the ear is healing. As in other species, treating the underlying ear infection is mandatory.In the Guinea pig, as in the majority of rodents, the ear pinnae is rounded, while in small animals and rabbits, it is elongated; for this reason, more mattress sutures are needed for the correct juxtaposition of the two aspects of the ear pinnae.ReferencesFossum, T. W.(2007) Surgery of the ear. In: Small animal Surgery. 3th edn. Eds T. W. Fossum. Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, MO, USA. pp 289‐316Capello, V.(2009) Small mammals as I see them. Exotic DVM 11, 27Csomos, R., Bosscher, G., Mans, C., et al. (2016) Surgical management of ear diseases in rabbit. Veterinary Clinics of North America Exotic Animal Practice, 19, 193‐195Jepson, L.(2015) Guine Pigs, Chinchillas, and Degus. In: Exotic Animal Medicine: A Quick Reference Guide. Ed L. Jepson. Elsevier, St. Louis, MO, USA. p 93

Journal

Journal of Small Animal PracticeWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

References

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