Association of STAT6 gene variants with food allergy diagnosed by double‐blind placebo‐controlled food challenges

Association of STAT6 gene variants with food allergy diagnosed by double‐blind... This study describes the role of two STAT6 gene variants in food allergy using data of patients and their parents who underwent double‐blind placebo‐controlled food challenges (DBPCFCs). After quality control, 369 trios were analysed including 262 children (71.0%) with food allergy. Associations were tested by the Family based association test. The A alleles of both SNPs were associated with food allergy (P = .036 and P = .013 for rs324015 and rs1059513, respectively). Furthermore, these A alleles were associated with peanut allergy, higher sIgE levels to both peanut and cow's milk, more severe symptoms and higher eliciting doses during peanut and cow's milk DBPCFCs (all P < .05). In silico analysis indicates that the identified risk variants increase STAT6 expression which stimulates the differentiation of CD4 +  T cells to the Th2 subset. In conclusion, STAT6 variants may be involved in the pathophysiology of food allergy and their role seems to be independent of the allergenic food. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Allergy Wiley

Association of STAT6 gene variants with food allergy diagnosed by double‐blind placebo‐controlled food challenges

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Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd
ISSN
0105-4538
eISSN
1398-9995
D.O.I.
10.1111/all.13432
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study describes the role of two STAT6 gene variants in food allergy using data of patients and their parents who underwent double‐blind placebo‐controlled food challenges (DBPCFCs). After quality control, 369 trios were analysed including 262 children (71.0%) with food allergy. Associations were tested by the Family based association test. The A alleles of both SNPs were associated with food allergy (P = .036 and P = .013 for rs324015 and rs1059513, respectively). Furthermore, these A alleles were associated with peanut allergy, higher sIgE levels to both peanut and cow's milk, more severe symptoms and higher eliciting doses during peanut and cow's milk DBPCFCs (all P < .05). In silico analysis indicates that the identified risk variants increase STAT6 expression which stimulates the differentiation of CD4 +  T cells to the Th2 subset. In conclusion, STAT6 variants may be involved in the pathophysiology of food allergy and their role seems to be independent of the allergenic food.

Journal

AllergyWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ;

References

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