Childhood obesity is considered “a crisis in public health”; the prevalence of obesity and its comorbidities in children is expected to increase in the future. Adult cardiovascular disease is likely to occur in individuals with risk factors for cardiovascular disease in their childhood. Childhood obesity is one such risk factor and the target for preventive measures. Recently, various non‐invasive techniques that determine carotid intima–media thickness (CIMT), flow‐mediated dilatation (FMD), and pulse wave velocity (PWV) have been developed to estimate atherosclerotic change. Several studies have reported on the presence of atherosclerotic change in obese children. Although CIMT and FMD are reliable techniques for the detection of atherosclerosis in children, they require time and skilled experience. Given that PWV is a relatively quick procedure that is easy to carry out and reproduce, many studies have used PWV to assess atherosclerosis in children.Aging is an inevitable and integral factor of childhood; therefore, the results obtained from these studies should be interpreted carefully. Few longitudinal studies have reported on the risk factors of atherosclerotic change in children. The aim of the present study was hence to conduct a longitudinal study on the effect of lifestyle on PWV in junior high school students over
Pediatrics International – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ;
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