Are tanning salons in compliance with German law? An evaluation based on a nationwide representative survey

Are tanning salons in compliance with German law? An evaluation based on a nationwide... INTRODUCTIONOver the past decades, the incidence of malignant melanoma has increased dramatically in developed countries. Meta‐analyses have shown that sunbed use is associated with a significant increase in the risk of melanoma. Moreover, the relative risk of malignant melanoma increases by up to 59% to 75% for people whose sunbed use started before the age of 35. Consequently, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified indoor tanning devices and the entire ultraviolet spectrum as carcinogenic to humans.Given the evidence for increased skin cancer risk due to the use of indoor tanning devices, a number of countries have adopted regulations for the use of indoor tanning. By 2011, 11 countries and a number of states and provinces in Canada, the United States and Australia had passed laws restricting indoor tanning for persons younger than 18 years.In Germany, the use of sunbeds is regulated by 2 recently adopted laws. First, the Nonionizing Radiation Law, banning the use of artificial tanning devices by minors, was passed in 2009. However, our previous study has shown that minors were still using sunbeds despite this legal regulation. Second, a regulation of hazardous artificial ultraviolet radiation (UVR regulation) was passed in 2012 to regulate the http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine Wiley

Are tanning salons in compliance with German law? An evaluation based on a nationwide representative survey

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/are-tanning-salons-in-compliance-with-german-law-an-evaluation-based-VZ0VZcwomw
Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd
ISSN
0905-4383
eISSN
1600-0781
D.O.I.
10.1111/phpp.12351
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

INTRODUCTIONOver the past decades, the incidence of malignant melanoma has increased dramatically in developed countries. Meta‐analyses have shown that sunbed use is associated with a significant increase in the risk of melanoma. Moreover, the relative risk of malignant melanoma increases by up to 59% to 75% for people whose sunbed use started before the age of 35. Consequently, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified indoor tanning devices and the entire ultraviolet spectrum as carcinogenic to humans.Given the evidence for increased skin cancer risk due to the use of indoor tanning devices, a number of countries have adopted regulations for the use of indoor tanning. By 2011, 11 countries and a number of states and provinces in Canada, the United States and Australia had passed laws restricting indoor tanning for persons younger than 18 years.In Germany, the use of sunbeds is regulated by 2 recently adopted laws. First, the Nonionizing Radiation Law, banning the use of artificial tanning devices by minors, was passed in 2009. However, our previous study has shown that minors were still using sunbeds despite this legal regulation. Second, a regulation of hazardous artificial ultraviolet radiation (UVR regulation) was passed in 2012 to regulate the

Journal

Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & PhotomedicineWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ;

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial