Applying functional principal components to structural topology optimization

Applying functional principal components to structural topology optimization Structural topology optimization aims to enhance the mechanical performance of a structure while satisfying some functional constraints. Nearly all approaches proposed in the literature are iterative, and the optimal solution is found by repeatedly solving a finite element analysis (FEA). It is thus clear that the bottleneck is the high computational effort, as these approaches require solving the FEA a large number of times. In this work, we address the need for reducing the computational time by proposing a reduced basis method that relies on functional principal component analysis (FPCA). The methodology has been validated considering a simulated annealing approach for compliance minimization in 2 classical variable thickness problems. Results show the capability of FPCA to provide good results while reducing the computational times, ie, the computational time for an FEA is about one order of magnitude lower in the reduced FPCA space. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering Wiley

Applying functional principal components to structural topology optimization

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
ISSN
0029-5981
eISSN
1097-0207
D.O.I.
10.1002/nme.5801
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Structural topology optimization aims to enhance the mechanical performance of a structure while satisfying some functional constraints. Nearly all approaches proposed in the literature are iterative, and the optimal solution is found by repeatedly solving a finite element analysis (FEA). It is thus clear that the bottleneck is the high computational effort, as these approaches require solving the FEA a large number of times. In this work, we address the need for reducing the computational time by proposing a reduced basis method that relies on functional principal component analysis (FPCA). The methodology has been validated considering a simulated annealing approach for compliance minimization in 2 classical variable thickness problems. Results show the capability of FPCA to provide good results while reducing the computational times, ie, the computational time for an FEA is about one order of magnitude lower in the reduced FPCA space.

Journal

International Journal for Numerical Methods in EngineeringWiley

Published: Jan 13, 2018

Keywords: ; ;

References

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