10.1002/jcb.240540306.abs Recombinant human apolipoprotein E3 (apoE), purified from E. coli, inhibited the proliferation of several cell types, including endothelial cells and tumor cells in a dose‐ and time‐dependent manner. ApoE inhibited both de novo DNA synthesis and proliferation as assessed by an increase in cell number. Maximal inhibition of cell growth by apoE was achieved under conditions where proliferation was dependent on heparin‐binding growth factors. Thus, at low serum concentrations (0–2.5%) basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) stimulated the proliferation of bovine aortic endothelial (BAE) cells severalfold. The bFGF‐dependent proliferation was dramatically inhibited by apoE with an IC50 ≈ 50 nM. Under conditions where cell proliferation was mainly serum‐dependent, apoE also suppressed growth but required higher concentrations to be effective (IC50 ≈ 500 nM). ApoE also inhibited growth of bovine corneal endothelial cells, human melanoma cells, and human breast carcinoma cells. The IC50 values obtained with these cells were generally 3–5 times higher than with BAE cells. Inhibition of cell proliferation by apoE was reversible and dependent on the time of apoE addition to the culture. In addition, apoE inhibited the chemotactic response of endothelial cells that were induced to migrate by a gradient of soluble bFGF. Inhibition of cell proliferation by apoE may be mediated both by competition for growth factor binding to proteoglycans and by an antiadhesive activity of apoE. The present results demonstrate that apoE is a potent inhibitor of proliferation of several cell types and suggest that apoE may be effective in modulating angiogenesis, tumor cell growth, and metastasis.
Journal of Cellular Biochemistry – Wiley
Published: Mar 1, 1994
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera