Analysis of NTPDase2 in the cell membrane using fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP)

Analysis of NTPDase2 in the cell membrane using fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) NTPDase2, a member of the CD39/NTPDase family, is an ecto‐nucleotidase anchored to the plasma membrane by two transmembrane domains, with a catalytic site facing the extracellular space and preferentially hydrolyzing nucleoside triphosphates. While NTPDase2 is expressed in many cell types, its unique functionality, mobility and dynamics at the cell membrane remain unexplored. We therefore constructed a recombinant NTPDase2 linked to the yellow fluorescent protein (EYFP) to investigate its dynamics by confocal microscopy. The present study shows that the expression of EYFP‐NTPDase2 in different cell lines does not affect its proliferation, migration and adhesion to extracellular matrices (ECM). Moreover, in human embryonic kidney cells 293 (HEK293) grown on collagen type I and fibronectin, EYFP‐NTPDase2 fluorescence is greater in free plasma membrane regions than in cell–cell contacts, in comparison with cells grown on other substrates. Differences in the time required for fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) in free membrane regions and cell–cell contacts indicate that the mobility of EYFP‐NTPDase2 depends on the matrix to which the cells are attached. © 2018 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Cytometry Wiley
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Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
© 2018 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry
ISSN
1552-4922
eISSN
1552-4930
D.O.I.
10.1002/cyto.a.23317
Publisher site
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Abstract

NTPDase2, a member of the CD39/NTPDase family, is an ecto‐nucleotidase anchored to the plasma membrane by two transmembrane domains, with a catalytic site facing the extracellular space and preferentially hydrolyzing nucleoside triphosphates. While NTPDase2 is expressed in many cell types, its unique functionality, mobility and dynamics at the cell membrane remain unexplored. We therefore constructed a recombinant NTPDase2 linked to the yellow fluorescent protein (EYFP) to investigate its dynamics by confocal microscopy. The present study shows that the expression of EYFP‐NTPDase2 in different cell lines does not affect its proliferation, migration and adhesion to extracellular matrices (ECM). Moreover, in human embryonic kidney cells 293 (HEK293) grown on collagen type I and fibronectin, EYFP‐NTPDase2 fluorescence is greater in free plasma membrane regions than in cell–cell contacts, in comparison with cells grown on other substrates. Differences in the time required for fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) in free membrane regions and cell–cell contacts indicate that the mobility of EYFP‐NTPDase2 depends on the matrix to which the cells are attached. © 2018 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry

Journal

CytometryWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ;

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