IntroductionThe genus Photobacterium was firstly established by Martinus W. Beijerinck in order to group all luminous bacteria known at that time (Beijerinck ). Actually, this genus belongs to the family Vibrionaceae (γ‐Proteobacteria) and currently comprises 29 valid species. Usually, photobacteria occur either free‐living pelagic in seawater, sessile in sediments or symbiotic in fish light organs (Urbanczyk et al. ). P. phosphoreum, a species with luminous strains, is known as an important fish spoilage organism (Dalgaard et al. ) and responsible for the formation of biogenic amines (Jørgensen et al. ; Emborg et al. ) causing e.g. histamine fish poisoning (Lehane and Olley ). Photobacterium iliopiscarium is also found on spoiled fish (Ast and Dunlap ) and able to form histamine (Takahashi et al. ). Previous culture‐independent studies reported the presence of Photobacterium spp. on (minced) beef (Pennacchia et al. ; Stoops et al. ) and P. phosphoreum isolates could be recovered from pork (Nieminen et al. ). Furthermore, a novel species, Photobacterium carnosum, was recently isolated from spoiled modified atmosphere packaged (MAP) chicken breast (Hilgarth et al. ). These studies showed that the importance of photobacteria in relevance to their role in meat spoilage, and likely in other cold stored foods, is hitherto underestimated. In this study, we
Letters in Applied Microbiology – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ;
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