Altitudinal Distributions of Birds, Mammals, People, Forests, and Parks in Nepal MALCOLM L. HUNTER, JR. Department of Wildlife University of Maine Orono, ME 04469, U.S~.. PRALAD YONZON Resources Nepal GPO Box 2448 Kathmandu, Nepal Probably the most efficient way to maintain biological from subtropical (mean monthly temperature, 35.5°C) diversity is to protect a representative array of ecosys- to polar (- 4.5°C) (Central Bureau of Statistics [CBS] tems from significant human manipulation (Hunter 1980). Similarly, annual precipitation ranges from 249 1990). Unfortunately, designing reserve systems can be mm in the rain shadow of the Himalayas in western difficult, especially in areas where conservationists lack Nepal up to 5146 turn per year on some front slopes. detailed knowledge about the distribution patterns of The biological diversity fostered by this climatic diver- species and ecosystems and do not have the time or sity is further enhanced by Nepal's location at the bor- money to study these patterns. Such constraints may der of the Palearctic and Oriental biogeographical re- compel conservationists to plan reserve systems using gions. Nepal's biota share the country with over 16 easily-measured parameters, such as altitude, latitude, million people, whose average income of $154.2 per and longitude, that are
Conservation Biology – Wiley
Published: Jun 1, 1993
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