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Alteration of retrieved implants in vitro by processing and infiltrating fluids

10.1002/jbm.820231408.abs Undecalcified histology has proved of immense value in the examination of the interface membrane between the prosthesis and bone. However, to provide such histological sections, dehydrating and clearing fluids as well as plastic infiltrating fluids must be used. This study investigates the possibility that some of these commonly used fluids may alter the biomaterial after removal from the body and be misinterpreted as an in vivo product. Ten different routinely used fluids were tested on 11 different biomaterials that are commonly used in prosthetic devices. The nonmetal biomaterials were placed in glass tubes containing the different fluids at room temperature for 5 days. The biomaterials were assessed for changes each day. After 5 days the biomaterial was examined and discarded and the glass tube was centrifuged. The pellet was examined using polarized light microscopy. Polysulfone and bone cement was found to be considerably altered in vitro by most of these fluids. While the components (plasticizer and catalyst) of the plastic fluids caused some changes to the biomaterial. Spurr's and GMA did not cause any alterations to any of the biomaterials that were examined. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Wiley

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