Allergic contact dermatitis caused by nail acrylates in Europe. An EECDRG study

Allergic contact dermatitis caused by nail acrylates in Europe. An EECDRG study Acrylates, methacrylates, and cyanoacrylates, referred to as acrylates in this article, are small chemicals that polymerize either spontaneously or in the presence of catalysts, such as ultraviolet (UV) light, giving rise to very resistant polymers. They are used in multiple industrial settings (plastics, fibreglass, glues, adhesives, coatings, lacquers, paints, and printing inks), in medicine (dental restoration, oral prostheses, contact and intraocular lenses, bone cement, surgical glues, and wound dressings), and in aesthetics (nail aesthetics and eyelash or hair extensions) . Acrylate monomers are potent sensitizing chemicals, and cause allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) mostly in occupational settings . Dental workers were mainly affected, but, within the last decade, nail aesthetics has become the main occupation in which workers suffer from acrylate allergy . ACD caused by nail acrylates is also frequently affecting consumers, with the increase in popularity of this fashion .The technique for sculpturing ‘acrylic nails’ or ‘porcelain nails’ based on a powder polymer and a liquid monomer that polymerizes in the presence of a catalyst is now rarely used, as it is time‐consuming and causes a disagreeable smell during the procedure . Today, the main techniques are based either on acrylates that need UV curing (sculptured gel nails http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Contact Dermatitis Wiley

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Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
© 2018 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd
ISSN
0105-1873
eISSN
1600-0536
D.O.I.
10.1111/cod.12942
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Acrylates, methacrylates, and cyanoacrylates, referred to as acrylates in this article, are small chemicals that polymerize either spontaneously or in the presence of catalysts, such as ultraviolet (UV) light, giving rise to very resistant polymers. They are used in multiple industrial settings (plastics, fibreglass, glues, adhesives, coatings, lacquers, paints, and printing inks), in medicine (dental restoration, oral prostheses, contact and intraocular lenses, bone cement, surgical glues, and wound dressings), and in aesthetics (nail aesthetics and eyelash or hair extensions) . Acrylate monomers are potent sensitizing chemicals, and cause allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) mostly in occupational settings . Dental workers were mainly affected, but, within the last decade, nail aesthetics has become the main occupation in which workers suffer from acrylate allergy . ACD caused by nail acrylates is also frequently affecting consumers, with the increase in popularity of this fashion .The technique for sculpturing ‘acrylic nails’ or ‘porcelain nails’ based on a powder polymer and a liquid monomer that polymerizes in the presence of a catalyst is now rarely used, as it is time‐consuming and causes a disagreeable smell during the procedure . Today, the main techniques are based either on acrylates that need UV curing (sculptured gel nails

Journal

Contact DermatitisWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ; ;

References

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