IntroductionAlcohol is a major cause of death and disability internationally, resulting in an estimated 5.9% of all deaths and 5.1% of total disability‐adjusted life years . This equates to 3.3 million deaths annually from alcohol‐related harm. Alcohol‐related harm also results in a significant burden of morbidity and social problems and is linked to over 200 disease and injury conditions .Emergency departments (EDs) are at the frontline of treating the health and social consequences of alcohol‐related harm. There is evidence extrapolated from the US National Alcohol Survey that alcohol‐related presentations to EDs in the United States are increasing . Most research has been limited to patients with alcohol‐related acute injuries; surprisingly little is known about the nature and volume of the total burden of alcohol‐related harms presenting to EDs, with estimates ranging from 0.8 to 9% of total presentations . Most studies conducted have been single‐site, retrospective and/or based on diagnosis coding or aetiological fractions , all of which are likely to under‐estimate harm. Few studies have collected data on the total burden of alcohol harm presenting to EDs, including indirect injury (caused by a third party affected by alcohol) and medical conditions.Numerous retrospective studies have investigated the association of
Addiction – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ; ;
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