Agricultural Science and Agricultural Counterculture: Paradigms in Search of a Future

Agricultural Science and Agricultural Counterculture: Paradigms in Search of a Future Joseph J. Molnar, Patricia A. Duffy, Keith A. Cummins, * and Edsard Van Santen ** Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology *Department of Animol Science **Department of Agronomy and Soils, Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849-5406 There is only one science. Other ways of knowing and sharing information may be arguably superior in some contexts, but they are not science. Science is a way of accumulating knowledge in intersubjectively testable ways. It can be misused or distorted, but these are human and institutional foibles, not problems inherent in the practice of science (National Science Foundation 1981). Science is under attack because it is sometimes cruel to animals, it can be used to create weapons of unthinkable destruction, and it often neglects the interests of women and the less privileged. These are accurate charges but they reflect the limits of society, particularly the limits of institutions which sponsor and support scientists. They are limits endemic to all human enterprise, and not to science alone. The practice of science in agricultural disciplines is not different from other avenues of human inquiry. Agricultural sciences hold many methods in common with other disciplines-such as hypotheses, the experiment, and http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Rural Sociology Wiley

Agricultural Science and Agricultural Counterculture: Paradigms in Search of a Future

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Abstract

Joseph J. Molnar, Patricia A. Duffy, Keith A. Cummins, * and Edsard Van Santen ** Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology *Department of Animol Science **Department of Agronomy and Soils, Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849-5406 There is only one science. Other ways of knowing and sharing information may be arguably superior in some contexts, but they are not science. Science is a way of accumulating knowledge in intersubjectively testable ways. It can be misused or distorted, but these are human and institutional foibles, not problems inherent in the practice of science (National Science Foundation 1981). Science is under attack because it is sometimes cruel to animals, it can be used to create weapons of unthinkable destruction, and it often neglects the interests of women and the less privileged. These are accurate charges but they reflect the limits of society, particularly the limits of institutions which sponsor and support scientists. They are limits endemic to all human enterprise, and not to science alone. The practice of science in agricultural disciplines is not different from other avenues of human inquiry. Agricultural sciences hold many methods in common with other disciplines-such as hypotheses, the experiment, and

Journal

Rural SociologyWiley

Published: Mar 1, 1992

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