Accountability and effectiveness in NGO policy Alliances

Accountability and effectiveness in NGO policy Alliances 1 INTRODUCTION At the beginning of the last decade of the twentieth century, there was much talk of the emerging advocacy role for NGOs in both North and South. Debates about the propriety, legality, and safety of NGO lobbying were in the air. Now, only a few years later, advocacy activities with governments, donors, multilateral development agencies, and publics is assumed to be a crucial ingredient in enhancing the position of NGOs as key players in the diffuse social movement loosely labelled ‘sustainable development’. UNCED , in the summer of 1992, undoubtedly helped turn the tide from the ‘should we?’ line of questions regarding NGO roles in policy influence to the ‘how do we do it?’ discourse now emerging. The following analysis asks two questions: (i) what factors increase the effectiveness of alliances in achieving policy outcomes and strengthening civil society? and (ii) what factors enable alliances to be accountable to their members, especially grassroots groups? 2 THECASES The analysis is based on two cases of national-level policy change in the Philippines and two cases of transnational alliances which aimed to influence World Bank projects. Both national and transnational alliances are examined because each has important consequences for http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of International Development Wiley

Accountability and effectiveness in NGO policy Alliances

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1995 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
ISSN
0954-1748
eISSN
1099-1328
DOI
10.1002/jid.3380070605
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

1 INTRODUCTION At the beginning of the last decade of the twentieth century, there was much talk of the emerging advocacy role for NGOs in both North and South. Debates about the propriety, legality, and safety of NGO lobbying were in the air. Now, only a few years later, advocacy activities with governments, donors, multilateral development agencies, and publics is assumed to be a crucial ingredient in enhancing the position of NGOs as key players in the diffuse social movement loosely labelled ‘sustainable development’. UNCED , in the summer of 1992, undoubtedly helped turn the tide from the ‘should we?’ line of questions regarding NGO roles in policy influence to the ‘how do we do it?’ discourse now emerging. The following analysis asks two questions: (i) what factors increase the effectiveness of alliances in achieving policy outcomes and strengthening civil society? and (ii) what factors enable alliances to be accountable to their members, especially grassroots groups? 2 THECASES The analysis is based on two cases of national-level policy change in the Philippines and two cases of transnational alliances which aimed to influence World Bank projects. Both national and transnational alliances are examined because each has important consequences for

Journal

Journal of International DevelopmentWiley

Published: Nov 1, 1995

References

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