1 INTRODUCTION At the beginning of the last decade of the twentieth century, there was much talk of the emerging advocacy role for NGOs in both North and South. Debates about the propriety, legality, and safety of NGO lobbying were in the air. Now, only a few years later, advocacy activities with governments, donors, multilateral development agencies, and publics is assumed to be a crucial ingredient in enhancing the position of NGOs as key players in the diffuse social movement loosely labelled âsustainable developmentâ. UNCED , in the summer of 1992, undoubtedly helped turn the tide from the âshould we?â line of questions regarding NGO roles in policy influence to the âhow do we do it?â discourse now emerging. The following analysis asks two questions: (i) what factors increase the effectiveness of alliances in achieving policy outcomes and strengthening civil society? and (ii) what factors enable alliances to be accountable to their members, especially grassroots groups? 2 THECASES The analysis is based on two cases of national-level policy change in the Philippines and two cases of transnational alliances which aimed to influence World Bank projects. Both national and transnational alliances are examined because each has important consequences for
Journal of International Development – Wiley
Published: Nov 1, 1995
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera