A systematic review and meta‐analysis of interventions to increase physical activity in children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities

A systematic review and meta‐analysis of interventions to increase physical activity in... IntroductionPhysical activity (PA) is associated with many physical and mental health benefits in children and adolescents (Janssen & LeBlanc ; Ahn & Fedewa ; Biddle & Asare ). However, recent studies report children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities (ID) to be inactive and not meeting the PA guideline of 60 min of moderate to vigorous intensity activity (MVPA) per day (Boddy et al. ; Einarsson et al. ). In comparison with their typically developing (TD) peers, children and adolescents with ID are less active and participate in lower intensity PA (Stanish & Mozzochi ; Foley & McCubbin ; Borremans et al. ; Einarsson et al. ).Physical activity levels in children and adolescents with ID also decline with age, with sedentary behaviour increasing (Phillips & Holland ). This trend continues into adulthood, as adults with ID have been reported to participate in little or no PA (Finlayson et al. ; Hilgenkamp et al. ; Ptomey et al. ). Because children and adolescents with ID have a higher prevalence of ill health than their TD peers, increasing PA could help reduce these health inequalities (Maiano ). Furthermore, as childhood PA is a predictor of PA in adulthood, promoting active lifestyles at a http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Intellectual Disability Research Wiley

A systematic review and meta‐analysis of interventions to increase physical activity in children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities

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Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
© 2018 MENCAP and International Association of the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and John Wiley & Sons Ltd
ISSN
0964-2633
eISSN
1365-2788
D.O.I.
10.1111/jir.12467
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

IntroductionPhysical activity (PA) is associated with many physical and mental health benefits in children and adolescents (Janssen & LeBlanc ; Ahn & Fedewa ; Biddle & Asare ). However, recent studies report children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities (ID) to be inactive and not meeting the PA guideline of 60 min of moderate to vigorous intensity activity (MVPA) per day (Boddy et al. ; Einarsson et al. ). In comparison with their typically developing (TD) peers, children and adolescents with ID are less active and participate in lower intensity PA (Stanish & Mozzochi ; Foley & McCubbin ; Borremans et al. ; Einarsson et al. ).Physical activity levels in children and adolescents with ID also decline with age, with sedentary behaviour increasing (Phillips & Holland ). This trend continues into adulthood, as adults with ID have been reported to participate in little or no PA (Finlayson et al. ; Hilgenkamp et al. ; Ptomey et al. ). Because children and adolescents with ID have a higher prevalence of ill health than their TD peers, increasing PA could help reduce these health inequalities (Maiano ). Furthermore, as childhood PA is a predictor of PA in adulthood, promoting active lifestyles at a

Journal

Journal of Intellectual Disability ResearchWiley

Published: Jan 1, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

References

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