We study the dispersion and convergence of marine floating material by surface currents from a model reanalysis that represents explicitly mesoscale eddy variability. Lagrangian experiments about the long‐term evolution (29 years) of an initially homogeneous concentration of particles are performed at global scale with horizontal current at one fourth degree resolution and refreshed daily over the 1985–2013 period. Results not only confirm and document the five known sites of surface convergence at the scale of individual oceanic basins but also reveal a convergent pathway connecting the South Indian subtropical region with the convergence zone of the South Pacific through the Great Australian Bight, the Tasman Sea, and the southwest Pacific Ocean. This “superconvergent” pathway at the ocean surface is robust and permanent over a distance longer than 8,000 km. The current variability is crucial to sustain this pathway.
Geophysical Research Letters – Wiley
Published: Jan 28, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ;
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