A Surface “Superconvergence” Pathway Connecting the South Indian Ocean to the Subtropical South Pacific Gyre

A Surface “Superconvergence” Pathway Connecting the South Indian Ocean to the Subtropical... We study the dispersion and convergence of marine floating material by surface currents from a model reanalysis that represents explicitly mesoscale eddy variability. Lagrangian experiments about the long‐term evolution (29 years) of an initially homogeneous concentration of particles are performed at global scale with horizontal current at one fourth degree resolution and refreshed daily over the 1985–2013 period. Results not only confirm and document the five known sites of surface convergence at the scale of individual oceanic basins but also reveal a convergent pathway connecting the South Indian subtropical region with the convergence zone of the South Pacific through the Great Australian Bight, the Tasman Sea, and the southwest Pacific Ocean. This “superconvergent” pathway at the ocean surface is robust and permanent over a distance longer than 8,000 km. The current variability is crucial to sustain this pathway. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Geophysical Research Letters Wiley

A Surface “Superconvergence” Pathway Connecting the South Indian Ocean to the Subtropical South Pacific Gyre

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Publisher
Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
Copyright
©2018. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
ISSN
0094-8276
eISSN
1944-8007
D.O.I.
10.1002/2017GL076366
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We study the dispersion and convergence of marine floating material by surface currents from a model reanalysis that represents explicitly mesoscale eddy variability. Lagrangian experiments about the long‐term evolution (29 years) of an initially homogeneous concentration of particles are performed at global scale with horizontal current at one fourth degree resolution and refreshed daily over the 1985–2013 period. Results not only confirm and document the five known sites of surface convergence at the scale of individual oceanic basins but also reveal a convergent pathway connecting the South Indian subtropical region with the convergence zone of the South Pacific through the Great Australian Bight, the Tasman Sea, and the southwest Pacific Ocean. This “superconvergent” pathway at the ocean surface is robust and permanent over a distance longer than 8,000 km. The current variability is crucial to sustain this pathway.

Journal

Geophysical Research LettersWiley

Published: Jan 28, 2018

Keywords: ; ; ;

References

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