The Richards equation, which expresses the conservation of water in an isothermal soil, has a more general form in a nonisothermal soil. In using the latter, it is necessary to know soil temperature, and modeling becomes considerably more complicated. A detailed, numerical simulation model quantifies the thermal effects for two hypothetical soils under two climates. During characteristic 4‐day climatic sequences, in a season of soil heating, diffusion of vapor due to thermally induced vapor concentration gradients suppresses evaporation. The suppression is greatest (5–15% in this set of experiments) under arid conditions. Under these conditions, such thermal vapor diffusion also distorts the usual diurnal pattern of evaporation. Evaporation is generally more sensitive to isothermal than to thermal vapor diffusion. Variations in time and depth of the soil temperature cause corresponding variations in the water transport coefficients. These, in turn, result in biases (2–5%) and diurnal distortions of evaporation rates. Liquid flow attributable to the dependence of matric potential on temperature accounts for about 1% of evaporation in our experiments. In simulations of 1 month duration for each combination of soil and climate, the joint neglect of all thermal effects mentioned above introduces an error of only about 1% in the average evaporation rate and does not distort its time distribution significantly.
Water Resources Research – Wiley
Published: Aug 1, 1984
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera