Cabozantinib (CBZ) is used for the treatment of progressive, metastatic medullary thyroid cancer. Its major oxidative metabolite is cabozantinib N‐oxide (CBN), which contains a structural alert associated with mutagenicity, yet the pharmacokinetics studies lack the simultaneous investigation of CBN and dose proportionality. In the current study a simple LC–MS/MS method was developed and validated for the simultaneous estimation and pharmacokinetic investigation of CBZ and CBN in rat plasma. The analytes were separated on a Waters Atlantics C18 column (2.1 × 150 mm, 3 μm). The mass spectrometry analysis was conducted in positive ionization mode with multiple reaction monitoring. Good linearity was observed over the concentration ranges of 0.500–5000 ng/mL for CBZ and 0.525–2100 ng/mL for CBN. The extraction recoveries were constant and the intra‐ and inter‐batch precision and accuracy were acceptable for the analysis of biological samples. The method was successfully applied for the simultaneous estimation of CBZ and CBN in a pharmacokinetic study in Sprague–Dawley rats. After oral administration of CBZ (1, 5 and 12.6 mg/kg), although CBZ showed dose proportionality, the metabolite CBN showed obvious nonlinear elimination pharmacokinetics with greater than dose‐proportional increases in exposure.
Biomedical Chromatography – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2018
Keywords: ; ; ; ;
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