This paper addresses the effects of time delay on actively isolated structures subjected to support excitation. A force proportional to the absolute velocity of the base of the isolated structure applied at the base of the structure (co‐located active damping) is the control scheme considered. The actuating mechanisms have some non‐zero time response. Consequently, if no compensation is provided, the performance of the system is worse than that of the ideal delay‐free controller. The dynamics of the controller‐actuator system is modelled by a delay operator on the feedback signal. Time delays producing instability of the controlled structure are investigated, and the effect of time delay on the mean square acceleration of the structure subjected to stationary random excitation is assessed. A delay‐compensation technique that requires memory of past control actions is proposed and compared with a commonly used compensation technique. By using simple numerical examples, it is shown that the proposed delay‐compensation strategy improves the performance of the system significantly. The technique is extended to other models of the actuator dynamics and modified to provide robustness to small parameter uncertainties.
Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics – Wiley
Published: Sep 1, 1994
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