Although neurogenesis in the adult is known to be regulated by various internal cues such as hormones, growth factors and cell‐adherence molecules, downstream elements underlying their action at the cellular level still remain unclear. We previously showed in an insect model that polyamines (putrescine, spermidine and spermine) play specific roles in adult brain neurogenesis. Here, we demonstrate their involvement in the regulation of secondary neurogenesis in the rodent brain. Using neurosphere assays, we show that putrescine addition stimulates neural progenitor proliferation. Furthermore, in vivo depletion of putrescine by specific and irreversible inhibition of ornithine decarboxylase, the first key enzyme of the polyamine synthesis pathway, induces a consistent decrease in neural progenitor cell proliferation in the two neurogenic areas, the dentate gyrus and the subventricular zone. The present study reveals common mechanisms underlying birth of new neurons in vertebrate and invertebrate species.
European Journal of Neuroscience – Wiley
Published: Jul 1, 2004
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