A new 20‐item scale was designed to measure managerial attitudes in terms of McGregor's Theories X and Y. Two separate studies yielded reliability coefficients of .73 and .71. An item analysis and a separate factor analysis supported use of the a priori scoring key, one general factor and several specific factors being identified. Total scores were significantly correlated with scales of authoritarianism, dogmatism, leadership attitudes, economic values, and interest in fame and power. A second factor analysis of the REMQ items, including the most significant correlates, traced the source of the common variance to a few items. The concurrent validity of the REMQ was tested through the administration of a 25‐item peer‐rating form to the students' working colleagues. No evidence for concurrent validity was found as total REMQ scores were not significantly correlated with five orthogonal factors derived from the peer ratings.
Australian Journal of Psychology – Wiley
Published: Aug 1, 1975
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