Interferometric synthetic aperture radar time series methods aim to reconstruct time‐dependent ground displacements over large areas from sets of interferograms in order to detect transient, periodic, or small‐amplitude deformation. Because of computational limitations, most existing methods consider each pixel independently, ignoring important spatial covariances between observations. We describe a framework to reconstruct time series of ground deformation while considering all pixels simultaneously, allowing us to account for spatial covariances, imprecise orbits, and residual atmospheric perturbations. We describe spatial covariances by an exponential decay function dependent of pixel‐to‐pixel distance. We approximate the impact of imprecise orbit information and residual long‐wavelength atmosphere as a low‐order polynomial function. Tests on synthetic data illustrate the importance of incorporating full covariances between pixels in order to avoid biased parameter reconstruction. An example of application to the northern Chilean subduction zone highlights the potential of this method.
Geophysical Research Letters – Wiley
Published: Jan 28, 2018
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