Empirical studies increasingly attribute risk for depression to adverse life events, cognitive style, and possibly to the interaction between cognitive style and event type. We present an evidence‐based model, developed with independent samples of adults and elderly adults, indicating that risk for major depression associated with these factors varies with age. According to the model, adverse events and need for control, the cognitive style that is a key feature of Beck's concept of autonomy, are significant risk factors for depression in younger adults but not in elderly adults. The cognitive style of sociotropy, characterized by a high need for relatedness and concern about disapproval, is a stable risk factor, independent of age, in posing a risk for depression. The effects of the interactions of adverse event type (achievement events and interpersonal events) and cognitive style in predicting depression each appear to vary with age, expanding prior work, which suggests that adverse events affecting one's personal vulnerability are likely to precipitate depression. Age‐specific approaches to reducing risk for major depression are clinically important, and the model presented here suggests that the use of an age‐specific perspective would advance research in stress‐diathesis models for risk of depression. Depression and Anxiety 17:26–33, 2003. © 2003 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.
Depression and Anxiety – Wiley
Published: Jan 1, 2003
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera