A model for photosynthesis and photorespiration in C 3 plants based on the biochemistry and stoichiometry of the pathways

A model for photosynthesis and photorespiration in C 3 plants based on the biochemistry and... Abstract. A model is developed for photosynthesis and photorespiration in C3 plants, using an equation for the multisubslrate ordered reaction of ribulose 1,5‐bisphosphalc carboxylase‐oxygenase (Farazdaghi & Edwards, 1988). The model examines net CO2 fixation with O2 inhibition, and mutual inhibition when equilibrium exists between carboxylation and oxygenation (at the CO2 compensation point). It is based on the stoichiometry of energy requirements and O2, and CO2 exchange in the cycles, the quantum efficiency for RuBP generation, the maximum capacity for RuBP generation, the carboxylation efficiency with respect to (CO2), and the oxygenation efficiency with respect to (O2). With increasing concentrations of CO2 above the CO2 compensation point, decreasing quantum flux density, or decreasing O2, simulations show that the rate of photorespiration progressively decreases. The two components of O2 inhibition of photosynthesis change disproportionately with increasing CO2 concentration. According to the model, the energy utilized during photosynthesis at the CO2 compensation point is about half that under atmospheric conditions. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Cell & Environment Wiley

A model for photosynthesis and photorespiration in C 3 plants based on the biochemistry and stoichiometry of the pathways

Plant Cell & Environment, Volume 11 (9) – Dec 1, 1988

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1988 Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
0140-7791
eISSN
1365-3040
DOI
10.1111/j.1365-3040.1988.tb01905.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract. A model is developed for photosynthesis and photorespiration in C3 plants, using an equation for the multisubslrate ordered reaction of ribulose 1,5‐bisphosphalc carboxylase‐oxygenase (Farazdaghi & Edwards, 1988). The model examines net CO2 fixation with O2 inhibition, and mutual inhibition when equilibrium exists between carboxylation and oxygenation (at the CO2 compensation point). It is based on the stoichiometry of energy requirements and O2, and CO2 exchange in the cycles, the quantum efficiency for RuBP generation, the maximum capacity for RuBP generation, the carboxylation efficiency with respect to (CO2), and the oxygenation efficiency with respect to (O2). With increasing concentrations of CO2 above the CO2 compensation point, decreasing quantum flux density, or decreasing O2, simulations show that the rate of photorespiration progressively decreases. The two components of O2 inhibition of photosynthesis change disproportionately with increasing CO2 concentration. According to the model, the energy utilized during photosynthesis at the CO2 compensation point is about half that under atmospheric conditions.

Journal

Plant Cell & EnvironmentWiley

Published: Dec 1, 1988

References

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