A META‐ANALYSIS OF THE PREDICTORS OF ADULT OFFENDER RECIDIVISM: WHAT WORKS! *

A META‐ANALYSIS OF THE PREDICTORS OF ADULT OFFENDER RECIDIVISM: WHAT WORKS! * Meta‐analytic techniques were used to determine which predictor domains and actuarial assessment instruments were the best predictors of adult offender recidivism. One hundred and thirty‐one studies produced 1,141 correlations with recidivism. The strongest predictor domains were criminogenic needs, criminal history/history of antisocial behavior, social achievement, age/gender/race, and family factors. Less robust predictors included intellectual functioning, personal distress factors, and socioeconomic status in the family of origin. Dynamic predictor domains performed at least as well as the static domains. The LSI‐R was identified as the most useful actuarial measure. Recommendations for developing sound assessment practices in corrections are provided. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Criminology Wiley

A META‐ANALYSIS OF THE PREDICTORS OF ADULT OFFENDER RECIDIVISM: WHAT WORKS! *

Criminology, Volume 34 (4) – Nov 1, 1996

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1996 Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
0011-1384
eISSN
1745-9125
D.O.I.
10.1111/j.1745-9125.1996.tb01220.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Meta‐analytic techniques were used to determine which predictor domains and actuarial assessment instruments were the best predictors of adult offender recidivism. One hundred and thirty‐one studies produced 1,141 correlations with recidivism. The strongest predictor domains were criminogenic needs, criminal history/history of antisocial behavior, social achievement, age/gender/race, and family factors. Less robust predictors included intellectual functioning, personal distress factors, and socioeconomic status in the family of origin. Dynamic predictor domains performed at least as well as the static domains. The LSI‐R was identified as the most useful actuarial measure. Recommendations for developing sound assessment practices in corrections are provided.

Journal

CriminologyWiley

Published: Nov 1, 1996

References

  • Deviant sexual arousal, offense history, and demographic variables as predictors of reoffense among child molesters
    Barbaree, Barbaree; Marshall, Marshall
  • A prospective test of a criminal career model
    Barnett, Barnett; Blumstein, Blumstein; Farrington, Farrington
  • Self‐esteem and parole adjustment
    Bennett, Bennett
  • Classification to halfway houses: A quasi‐experimental evaluation
    Bonta, Bonta; Motiuk, Motiuk
  • The familial transmission of criminality
    Farrington, Farrington; Gundry, Gundry; West, West
  • An adult furlough center: Correlates of parole success
    O'Donnell, O'Donnell; Stanley, Stanley
  • Post‐prison success prediction
    Sampson, Sampson
  • Universal applicability of probation risk‐assessment instruments
    Wright, Wright; Clear, Clear; Dickson, Dickson

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