ABSTRACT A liquid chromatographic mass spectrometric (LC‐MS) assay for the quantification of nicotine and cotinine in human specimens was developed. Human serum and urine (100 μL) were subjected to liquid–liquid extraction. For glucuronidated cotinine, serum was alkalinized and hydrolyzed before extraction. The dried samples were reconstituted and run using gradient flow reverse‐phase liquid chromatography with MS detection. The ions utilized for quantification of nicotine, cotinine and milrinone (internal standard) were 162.8, 176.9 and 211.9 m/z, respectively. The mean recoveries were over 80% for cotinine and nicotine with excellent linearity between nominal concentrations and peak area ratios, over a wide concentration range. The percentage coefficient of variation and mean error of the inter‐ and intra‐day validations were <15% for nicotine and cotinine. Analysis of serum from cardiac patients receiving amiodarone suggested that a number of patients were either active smokers or exposed to second‐hand smoke. Significant concentrations of nicotine and cotinine were measured in the urine of a known smoking volunteer. The method was highly specific, sensitive and applicable as a tool in detecting and monitoring the passive exposure to tobacco smoke using small specimen volumes (0.1 mL). Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Biomedical Chromatography – Wiley
Published: Oct 1, 2011
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