MICHAEL WALDO Eleven curative factors form a triangular framework for conceptual integration of the concerns, developmental dynamics, theoretical perspectives, and leader behaviors that characterize group counseling. The framework is useful for determining effective leader interventions, planning group activities, and generating research hypotheses. s a prelude to their review of research on group work, Bednar and Kaul (1978) lamented the incredible complexity of group phenomena and the relatively primitive state of theoretical development in the area of group treatment. Conceptualizing group counseling poses a major challenge to those concerned with group practice and research. Previous efforts to meet this challenge include categorization of the concerns addressed by groups (Betz, Wilbur, & Roberts-Wilbur, 1977), exploration of the dynamics that develop in groups (Tuckman & Jensen, 1977), documentation of theoretical perspectives on group counseling (Hansen, Warner, & Smith, 1980), identification of common group leader behaviors (Lieberman, Yalom, & Miles, 1973), and descriptions of factors in groups that are curative for participants (Yalom, 1975). This article attempts to build on previous efforts to conceptualize group phenomena. Four approaches to characterizing groups are described and interrelated. Group characteristics are then integrated in relation to 11 curative factors. Finally, the factors are organized around
Journal of Counseling & Development – Wiley
Published: Sep 1, 1985
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