A CONCEPTUAL RATIONALE FOR THE DOMAIN AND ATTRIBUTES OF BIODATA ITEMS

A CONCEPTUAL RATIONALE FOR THE DOMAIN AND ATTRIBUTES OF BIODATA ITEMS There is considerable disagreement among researchers regarding the defining attributes of biodata items, especially in contrast to other self‐report measures. This paper provides a conceptual rationale for the use of biodata in order to evaluate various proposed attributes of biodata, and to clarify similarities and differences between biodata and temperament items. It is suggested that the core attribute of biodata items is that the items pertain to historical events that may have shaped the person's behavior and identity. Other attributes advanced as antidotes to socially desirable responding and faking are that biodata items reflect external events, that they be limited to objective and first‐hand recollections, that they be potentially verifiable, and that they measure discrete, unique events when appropriate. Some researchers also require that the life events being sampled be controllable and equally accessible to all respondents. Items may also need to be visibly job relevant and nonintrusive to avoid legal censure. Disagreements among researchers regarding the importance of these attributes are discussed, and implications for practice and research are proposed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Personnel Psychology Wiley

A CONCEPTUAL RATIONALE FOR THE DOMAIN AND ATTRIBUTES OF BIODATA ITEMS

Personnel Psychology, Volume 44 (4) – Dec 1, 1991

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Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1991 Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
0031-5826
eISSN
1744-6570
DOI
10.1111/j.1744-6570.1991.tb00698.x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

There is considerable disagreement among researchers regarding the defining attributes of biodata items, especially in contrast to other self‐report measures. This paper provides a conceptual rationale for the use of biodata in order to evaluate various proposed attributes of biodata, and to clarify similarities and differences between biodata and temperament items. It is suggested that the core attribute of biodata items is that the items pertain to historical events that may have shaped the person's behavior and identity. Other attributes advanced as antidotes to socially desirable responding and faking are that biodata items reflect external events, that they be limited to objective and first‐hand recollections, that they be potentially verifiable, and that they measure discrete, unique events when appropriate. Some researchers also require that the life events being sampled be controllable and equally accessible to all respondents. Items may also need to be visibly job relevant and nonintrusive to avoid legal censure. Disagreements among researchers regarding the importance of these attributes are discussed, and implications for practice and research are proposed.

Journal

Personnel PsychologyWiley

Published: Dec 1, 1991

References

  • The biographical item: Can it be improved
    Asher, Asher
  • Realistic work sample tests: A review
    Asher, Asher; Sciarrino, Sciarrino
  • Alumni and their alma mater: A partial test of the reformulated model of organizational identification
    Mael, Mael; Ashforth, Ashforth
  • Personality: Current controversies, issues, and directions
    Pervin, Pervin
  • Individual differences: An underdeveloped opportunity for military psychology
    Rimland, Rimland; Larson, Larson
  • Biodata faking: Effects of induced subtlety and position specificity
    Schrader, Schrader; Osburn, Osburn
  • Predicting tenure with biographical data: Exhuming buried evidence
    Schwab, Schwab; Oliver, Oliver
  • A research Utopia in industrial psychology
    Toops, Toops

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