A Comparison Between the Effect of Cholecystokinin Octapeptide and Apomorphine on Ingestion of Intraorally Administered Sucrose in Male Rats

A Comparison Between the Effect of Cholecystokinin Octapeptide and Apomorphine on Ingestion of... The involvement of dopamine receptors in the inhibitory effect of Cholecystokinin octapeptide on ingestive behaviour was investigated. Male rats were infused intraorally with a 1 M solution of sucrose and the amount ingested after treatment with the dopamine receptor agonist apomorphine was compared with that after treatment with Cholecystokinin octapeptide. The test allows a distinction between the consummatory aspects of ingestive behaviour, i.e. responses used to ingest food, from the appetitive aspects, i.e. responses used to obtain food, because it ignores the latter aspects. Comparisons were also made between the effects of apomorphine and Cholecystokinin octapeptide on pellet intake, a test in which the rat has to display appetitive ingestive behaviour. Injection of apomorphine (400 μg) increased the concentration of plasma apomorphine within 0.3 min and the concentration of dopamine in the cerebrospinal fluid within 1 min of injection and induced behavioural stereotypes within 10 min in food‐deprived male rats. Plasma apomorphine and cerebrospinal fluid dopamine levels had decreased by 30 min and the behavioural stereotypies had decreased by 40 min after the injection. Injection of apomorphine also inhibited the consumption of food pellets and the ingestion of sucrose. Inhibition of pellet and sucrose ingestion paralleled the effect of apomorphine on Stereotypie behaviour. Thus, injection of a dopamine receptor agonist is followed by alterations in plasma levels of the agonist, cerebrospinal fluid dopamine levels and in Stereotypie and ingestive behaviour which occur in parallel, in an inverted U‐shaped manner and with a temporal delay between each event. These results show a close correlation between dopamine receptor stimulation and inhibition of ingestive behaviour. However, reversal of the inhibitory effect of apomorphine on ingestive behaviour required pretreatment with a lower dose of a dopamine receptor antagonist (cis‐flupentixol) (0.1 mg) than reversal of Stereotypie behaviour (0.8 mg). The effect of dopamine receptor stimulation on consummatory ingestive behaviour is thus relatively weak and not secondary to the induction of Stereotypic behaviour. Treatment with a high dose of cis‐flupentixol (0.8 mg) caused a prolonged period of immobility but had no effect on the ingestion of sucrose. Dopamine receptor blockade, therefore, interferes with appetitive, but not consummatory ingestive behaviour. Injection of Cholecystokinin octapeptide (5 μg) suppressed pellet and sucrose intake in a manner comparable to that of apomorphine, but induced no behavioural stereotypes and caused a gradual, rather than inverted U‐shaped, increase in the concentration of dopamine in the cerebrospinal fluid that did not correlate with the effect on ingestive behaviour. Furthermore, while the inhibitory effect of apomorphine on the ingestion of sucrose was reversed by pretreatment with a low dose of cis‐flupentixol (0.1 mg), the inhibitory effect of Cholecystokinin octapeptide was only partially reversed by cis‐flupentixol and a higher dose (0.8 mg) was required. Blockade of cholecystokinin‐A receptors, by treatment with L‐364,718, but not cholecystokinin‐B receptors, by treatment with L‐365,260, blocked the inhibitory effect of Cholecystokinin octapeptide and, by itself, L‐364,718 increased the amount of ingested sucrose. The inhibitory effect of Cholecystokinin octapeptide on consummatory ingestive behaviour, which is mediated by cholecystokinin‐A receptors, is likely to involve mechanisms in addition to dopaminergic ones. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Neuroendocrinology Wiley

A Comparison Between the Effect of Cholecystokinin Octapeptide and Apomorphine on Ingestion of Intraorally Administered Sucrose in Male Rats

Loading next page...
 
/lp/wiley/a-comparison-between-the-effect-of-cholecystokinin-octapeptide-and-ObIjHLtS42
Publisher
Wiley
Copyright
Copyright © 1992 Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company
ISSN
0953-8194
eISSN
1365-2826
DOI
10.1111/j.1365-2826.1992.tb00224.x
pmid
21554660
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The involvement of dopamine receptors in the inhibitory effect of Cholecystokinin octapeptide on ingestive behaviour was investigated. Male rats were infused intraorally with a 1 M solution of sucrose and the amount ingested after treatment with the dopamine receptor agonist apomorphine was compared with that after treatment with Cholecystokinin octapeptide. The test allows a distinction between the consummatory aspects of ingestive behaviour, i.e. responses used to ingest food, from the appetitive aspects, i.e. responses used to obtain food, because it ignores the latter aspects. Comparisons were also made between the effects of apomorphine and Cholecystokinin octapeptide on pellet intake, a test in which the rat has to display appetitive ingestive behaviour. Injection of apomorphine (400 μg) increased the concentration of plasma apomorphine within 0.3 min and the concentration of dopamine in the cerebrospinal fluid within 1 min of injection and induced behavioural stereotypes within 10 min in food‐deprived male rats. Plasma apomorphine and cerebrospinal fluid dopamine levels had decreased by 30 min and the behavioural stereotypies had decreased by 40 min after the injection. Injection of apomorphine also inhibited the consumption of food pellets and the ingestion of sucrose. Inhibition of pellet and sucrose ingestion paralleled the effect of apomorphine on Stereotypie behaviour. Thus, injection of a dopamine receptor agonist is followed by alterations in plasma levels of the agonist, cerebrospinal fluid dopamine levels and in Stereotypie and ingestive behaviour which occur in parallel, in an inverted U‐shaped manner and with a temporal delay between each event. These results show a close correlation between dopamine receptor stimulation and inhibition of ingestive behaviour. However, reversal of the inhibitory effect of apomorphine on ingestive behaviour required pretreatment with a lower dose of a dopamine receptor antagonist (cis‐flupentixol) (0.1 mg) than reversal of Stereotypie behaviour (0.8 mg). The effect of dopamine receptor stimulation on consummatory ingestive behaviour is thus relatively weak and not secondary to the induction of Stereotypic behaviour. Treatment with a high dose of cis‐flupentixol (0.8 mg) caused a prolonged period of immobility but had no effect on the ingestion of sucrose. Dopamine receptor blockade, therefore, interferes with appetitive, but not consummatory ingestive behaviour. Injection of Cholecystokinin octapeptide (5 μg) suppressed pellet and sucrose intake in a manner comparable to that of apomorphine, but induced no behavioural stereotypes and caused a gradual, rather than inverted U‐shaped, increase in the concentration of dopamine in the cerebrospinal fluid that did not correlate with the effect on ingestive behaviour. Furthermore, while the inhibitory effect of apomorphine on the ingestion of sucrose was reversed by pretreatment with a low dose of cis‐flupentixol (0.1 mg), the inhibitory effect of Cholecystokinin octapeptide was only partially reversed by cis‐flupentixol and a higher dose (0.8 mg) was required. Blockade of cholecystokinin‐A receptors, by treatment with L‐364,718, but not cholecystokinin‐B receptors, by treatment with L‐365,260, blocked the inhibitory effect of Cholecystokinin octapeptide and, by itself, L‐364,718 increased the amount of ingested sucrose. The inhibitory effect of Cholecystokinin octapeptide on consummatory ingestive behaviour, which is mediated by cholecystokinin‐A receptors, is likely to involve mechanisms in addition to dopaminergic ones.

Journal

Journal of NeuroendocrinologyWiley

Published: Dec 1, 1992

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off